Genealogy Gems: News from the Fort Wayne Library, No. 45, November 30, 2007
From: Genealogy Gems (
Date: Fri, 30 Nov 2007 18:50:07 -0800 (PST)
Genealogy Gems:  News from the Fort Wayne Library
No. 45, November 30, 2007

In this issue:
*The Military Heritage Center
*Researching Mayflower Families
*Scanning Old Photographs
*Preservation Tip of the Month
*Area Calendar of Events
*Driving Directions to the Library
*Parking at the Library
*Queries for the Department

The Military Heritage Center
by Curt B. Witcher
In this season of giving, and after having just celebrated
Thanksgiving and Veterans' Day 2007, we are pleased to announce a new
feature of the GenealogyCenter.Info website.  Starting December 1st
there will be a special section of the GenealogyCenter site called
"Our Military Heritage" to honor those who have given so much to our
country.  This is our way of both giving thanks for our military men
and women, living and deceased, and assisting researchers in gaining
access to data that documents our military heritage.

In this section we will be posting full-text searchable images of
public-domain publications, soldiers' letters and diaries,
photographs, pension and service records, posters, military burial
records, commemorative works, military institutions' yearbooks,
articles, postcards and links to significant military websites.  We
anticipate this will be a very dynamic, growing area of the site as we
look to include web-streamed interviews and programs in addition to
other contributed materials.  The section is linked on the main page
of GenealogyCenter.Info and can also be accessed directly by the
following URL: www.GenealogyCenter.Info/military

Exploring this site, you will see that we have an interesting and
rather unique collection of military documents already assembled.  A
Spanish American War poster of Allen County, Indiana soldiers entitled
"Our Gallant Volunteers" can be viewed as a complete image or you can
zoom-in on a particular veteran by clicking on a data table; a World
War II era sermon talks about war and honors the men serving; and our
own library director, Jeff Krull, submitted information on the
interesting military career of his great uncle, Edward C. Kuhn, who
was a famous military insignia designer.

The Allen County Public Library's Genealogy Center has nearly a
half-century long tradition of preserving historical and genealogical
information and making that data available to researchers.  When you
consider that every generation since the founding of our country has
had individuals serving in the military, you understand why access to
historical military data is so important in family history.  Through
this feature of our site, it is our intention to make valuable
military information widely available to researchers without cost.  We
can also assist you in submitting copies of military materials to the
Veterans' History Project at the Library of Congress.

If you would like to contribute letters to and from service personnel,
diaries of military ancestors, copies of pension and service records,
pictures of medals and citations, discharge papers, military burial
records and the like, please contact The Genealogy Center through
Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info or call 260-421-1225.  You can also simply send
digital copies of the military documents (scanned at 300 dpi) to:  The
Genealogy Center, Attn.: Curt Witcher, Allen County Public Library,
900 Library Plaza, Ft. Wayne, IN 46802.  We hope you find this new
feature of GenealogyCenter.Info both useful and enjoyable.

Researching Mayflower Families
by John D. Beatty
November and Thanksgiving always bring to mind the Pilgrims, the
Mayflower, Plymouth Colony, and the first Thanksgiving feast of 1621.
Tracing one's genealogy back to a Mayflower passenger is a popular and
rewarding pastime. Millions of present-day Americans are thought to
have a Mayflower passenger among their ancestors. Here in the
Genealogy Center we are often asked to give advice about sources and
techniques for Mayflower genealogical research. As in any genealogical
endeavor, it is important to follow good research techniques, working
backwards and documenting each generation with ample proofs,
preferably from primary sources. Once you get to the mid-eighteenth
century, a variety of tools exist in print to provide more substantial
assistance, but one should also recognize that much erroneous
information has been published, both in print and online, and care
should be taken, genealogically speaking, to separate the wheat from
the chaff in terms of these sources.

One of the best works to appear to date is Robert Charles Anderson's
"The Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633,"
published in 2004 (974.402 P74an). Authored by one of the top
genealogical scholars in the nation, the book offers a careful
analysis of the existing evidence for each of the Pilgrims, as well as
other early residents of Plymouth Colony, and provides extensive
bibliographic references to research by others. Also indispensable is
the multi-volume "Mayflower Families through Five Generations," (974.4
M45) published by the Society of Mayflower Descendants. These
well-documented volumes trace all of the descendants through five
generations for the following passengers: Francis Eaton, Samuel
Fuller, William White, James Chilton, Richard More, Thomas Rogers,
George Soule, Edward Fuller, Edward Winslow, John Billington, Stephen
Hopkins, Peter Brown, Degory Priest, Edward Doty, Francis Cooke, Myles
Standish, John Alden, Isaac Allerton, Richard Warren, Henry Samson,
William Bradford, and John Howland. The effort is still on-going, and
not all of the passengers have appeared, William Brewster being among
the most notable, though Barbara Merrick has produced five-generation
studies for several of the Brewster children, and her four-generation
study of his descendants is also in print. Much of the above research
has superseded Milton Terry's earlier "Mayflower Ancestral Index"
(1981) (929.11 T27m), though it is still useful.

There are also a number of histories of the Pilgrims in print. The
earliest is the first-hand record by William Bradford, "Of Plymouth
Plantation," which is available in several editions (974.4B72bra).
Written about 1647, this is one of the earliest histories of the New
World. Eugene Aubrey Stratton's "Plymouth Colony, Its History and
People 1620-1691" (1986) (974.4 St8p) is a good, serviceable history,
while a more recent history that has received much acclaim is
Nathaniel Philbrick's "Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and
War" (2006) (974.4 P534m).

A variety of primary sources from Plymouth Colony have also appeared
in print. "Plymouth Colony Records, volume 1, Wills and Inventories
1633-1669," published in 1996 (974.402 P74s) contains verbatim
transcriptions of the colony's earliest probate records. Lee D. Van
Antwerp's compiled "Vital Records of Plymouth, Massachusetts to the
Year 1850" (974.402 P74vi) contains useful registers of births,
marriages, and deaths, as does the two-volume "Plymouth Church Records
1620-1859," reprinted in 1975 (974.402 P74pLpc). The multi-volume
"Records of the Town of Plymouth" (974.402 P74da) contains a verbatim
transcript of town meeting minutes. Nathaniel Shurtleff's "Records of
the Colony of New Plymouth in New England" (974.4 N42r), published in
multi-volume format, contains verbatim transcriptions of court records
of the colony.

Other secondary sources that might prove useful to Mayflower
researchers include several volumes by Susan E. Roser, transcribing
the notes of George Ernest Bowman, a respected Mayflower scholar whose
files are kept at the Society of Mayflower Descendants. These include
"Mayflower Deeds and Probates from the Files of George Ernest Bowman"
(974.4 R724ma), a transcription of thousands of deeds, arranged by the
surname of the Mayflower passenger, and "Mayflower Births and Deaths
from the Files of George Ernest Bowman" (974.4 R71m). Gary Boyd
Roberts' "Mayflower Source Records" (974.4 R54m) consists of reprinted
articles that originally appeared in the "New England Historical and
Genealogical Register." These same articles are viewable and
searchable online through the library's subscription to "New England
Ancestors," a source of databases maintained by the New England
Historic Genealogical Society. Finally, one should also consult the
"Mayflower Descendant" (974.4 M447), a scholarly journal published
since 1899 by the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants. This
work is a treasure of compiled genealogical studies and record
transcriptions that is well worth investigating.

In short, genealogists visiting the Genealogy Center will find
abundant published resources for researching Mayflower genealogy,
especially for the vicinity of Plymouth Colony itself. But because the
descendants of these Pilgrims quickly spread outward from
Massachusetts into the remainder of New England and New York in only a
few generations, and from there, throughout the United States,
researchers will likely need to investigate the records of many places
in order to assemble their pedigree back to the Pilgrims.

Scanning Old Photographs
by Kay Spears
Do you have some old photographs you want to scan, but you're not sure
what format to use when saving them?  Well, here's the definitive
answer:  it depends.  Yes, what format you choose for saving images
depends on how you intend to use them once they are scanned.  Here are
some general guidelines.

1. If the image is to be used for the Web/online, use JPEG, PNG or
GIF. If the image is to be printed or used in a print publication, use

2. JPEG should be used when you need to keep the file size small and
don't mind giving up quality for a significant reduction in size.
JPEGs are optimal for posting and transferring photos online.  JPEGs
aren't suitable for images with text because crisp lines will blur.
If you plan on doing any kind of restoration work on your photograph,
JPEGs are not the format to use.

3. PNG is ideal when you need smaller file sizes with no loss in
quality.  PNG supports alpha transparency (soft edges).  PNG files
offer greater compression and a much wider range of color depth than
GIFs.  However, not all web browsers support PNGs.

4. GIF is a good choice for simple Web graphics with limited colors.
GIF should rarely be used for photos.

5. TIFF is good for any type of bitmap image.  If you want to archive
your family photographs, this is the format to use.  This is also the
format to use if you are planning on doing restoration work.  Unlike
JPEGs, TIFFs do not lose any compression when edited and resaved.  I
recommend that you scan your family photos as TIFFs; you can always
reduce them to JPEGs for sending through emails or putting online.
Always keep the original TIFF saved in a separate file. The downside:
TIFF files are extremely large and take up a lot of storage space.
However, the cost of disk storage continues to plummet while options
continue to increase.

6.  BMP may be used for any type of pixel-based image.  BMPs are huge
files, but there is no loss of quality.  BMP has no real benefit over
TIFF, except you can use it for Windows wallpaper.

A final tip: for sharing a photo via the Web or email, scan at 75 or
100 dpi.  A standard computer monitor is only 72 to 96 dpi, so it's
not necessary for anything larger. For printing, scan at 300 dpi.
Printers have higher resolution than monitors.  If you're planning on
enlarging an image, the general rule of thumb is double the resolution
when doubling the size.

Preservation Tip of the Month
by Becky Schipper
This tip was sent to me from Russell Jones, a Genealogy Gems
subscriber who attended one of my presentations during the FGS
conference in August.  The June 2007 issue of Consumer Reports
contains an interesting article beginning on page 26 concerning the
transferring of LP's, tapes, photos, and home movies to CD & DVD
formats.  The article, entitled "Go Digital," and several side-bars
cover four pages and provide clear steps and specific equipment needed
for transfer.  It is easily read and gives one practical tips and

Area Calendar of Events
Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana (ACGSI)
Dec. 12, 2007 at 6:30 p.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza.
Members will show and tell about their oldest heirloom or artifact.
Bring yours to share.

Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) "First Wednesday" program
of lineage assistance is Wednesday, December 5th 9 am – 7 pm.  Expert
help from members of the DAR on becoming a member of that

Driving Directions to the Library
Wondering how to get to the library?  Our location is 900 Library
Plaza, Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the block bordered on the south by
Washington Boulevard, the west by Ewing Street, the north by Wayne
Street, and the east by the Library Plaza, formerly Webster Street.
We would enjoy having you visit the Genealogy Center.

To get directions from your exact location to 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, Indiana, visit this link at MapQuest:

>From the South
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 102.  Drive east on Jefferson Boulevard
into downtown. Turn left on Ewing Street. The Library is one block
north, at Ewing Street and Washington Boulevard.

Using US 27:
US 27 turns into Lafayette Street. Drive north into downtown. Turn
left at Washington Boulevard and go five blocks. The Library will be
on the right.

>From the North
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 112.  Drive south on Coldwater Road, which
merges into Clinton Street.  Continue south on Clinton to Washington
Boulevard. Turn right on Washington and go three blocks. The Library
will be on the right.

>From the West
Using US 30:
Drive into town on US 30.  US 30 turns into Goshen Ave. which
dead-ends at West State Blvd.  Make an angled left turn onto West
State Blvd.  Turn right on Wells Street.  Go south on Wells to Wayne
Street.  Turn left on Wayne Street.  The Library will be in the second
block on the right.

Using US 24:
After crossing under Interstate 69, follow the same directions as from
the South.

>From the East
Follow US 30/then 930 into and through New Haven, under an overpass
into downtown Fort Wayne.  You will be on Washington Blvd. when you
get into downtown.  Library Plaza will be on the right.

Parking at the Library
At the Library, underground parking can be accessed from Wayne Street.
Other library parking lots are at Washington and Webster, and Wayne
and Webster. Hourly parking is $1 per hour with a $7 maximum. ACPL
library card holders may use their cards to validate the parking
ticket at the west end of the Great Hall of the Library. Out of county
residents may purchase a subscription card with proof of
identification and residence. The current fee for an Individual
Subscription Card is $70.

Public lots are located at the corner of Ewing and Wayne Streets ($1
each for the first two half-hours, $1 per hour after, with a $4 per
day maximum) and the corner of Jefferson Boulevard and Harrison Street
($3 per day).

Street (metered) parking on Ewing and Wayne Streets. On the street you
plug the meters 8am – 5pm, weekdays only.  It is free to park on the
street after 5pm and on the weekends.

Visitor center/Grand Wayne Center garage at Washington and Clinton
Streets. This is the Hilton Hotel parking lot that also serves as a
day parking garage.  For hourly parking, 7am – 11 pm, charges are .50
for the first 45 minutes, then $1.00 per hour.  There is a flat $2.00
fee between 5pm and 11pm.

Genealogy Center Queries
The Genealogy Center hopes you find this newsletter interesting.
Thank you for subscribing.  We cannot, however, answer personal
research emails written to the e-zine address.  The department houses
a Research Center that makes photocopies and conducts research for a

If you have a general question about our collection, or are interested
in the Research Center, please telephone the library and speak to a
librarian who will be glad to answer your general questions or send
you a research center form.  Our telephone number is 260-421-1225.  If
you'd like to email a general information question about the
department, please email: Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Publishing Note:
This electronic newsletter is published by the Allen County Public
Library's Genealogy Center, and is intended to enlighten readers about
genealogical research methods as well as inform them about the vast
resources of the Allen County Public Library.  We welcome the wide
distribution of this newsletter and encourage readers to forward it to
their friends and societies.  All precautions have been made to avoid
errors.  However, the publisher does not assume any liability to any
party for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions, no matter
the cause.

To subscribe to "Genealogy Gems," simply use your browser to go to the
website:  www.GenealogyCenter.Info. Scroll down toward the bottom of
the first screen where it says, "Enter Your Email Address to Subscribe
to "Genealogy Gems."  Enter your email address in the yellow box and
click on "Subscribe." You will be notified with a confirmation email.

If you do not want to receive this e-zine, please follow the link at
the very bottom of the issue of GenealogyGems you just received or
send an email to kspears [at] with "unsubscribe e-zine" in
the subject line.

Curt Witcher, editor pro-tem
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