Genealogy Gems: News from the Fort Wayne Library, No. 48, February 29, 2008
From: Genealogy Gems (
Date: Fri, 29 Feb 2008 18:56:07 -0800 (PST)
Genealogy Gems:  News from the Fort Wayne Library
No. 48, February 29, 2008

In this issue:
*New Programs and New Encyclopedias
*Settlement and Trail Atlases of Carrie Eldridge
*Marriage Records of the Freedmen's Bureau, 1861-1869
*Preservation Tip of the Month
*Correction to Last Month's "Directories of Photographers" Article
*March Madness--Genealogical Style
*Tree Talks--A Family History Lecture Series
*Librarians On Parade
*Area Calendar of Events
*Driving Directions to the Library
*Parking at the Library
*Queries for the Department

New Programs and New Encyclopedias
by Curt B. Witcher
Like some of you, we've been experiencing a bit of cabin-fever here in
the Genealogy Center with the cold temps, blowing snow, and gray
winter skies!  And we're breaking out in a big way!  We have a number
of exciting new program offerings for you.  Our now famous "March
Madness" starts in just a few hours with a "Beginning Genealogy"
workshop.  What a great way to start your Saturday morning when you
wake-up tomorrow!  Walk-ins are welcome at the Allen County
Genealogical Society sponsored program.  The rest of this coming
week's programs are further on in this newsletter and at:

As mentioned in the December issue of "Genealogy Gems," we're offering
a regular schedule of monthly genealogy classes on the 4th Saturday of
each month beginning with this month.  We've chosen a name for the
series, "Tree Talks: A Family History Lecture Series," and we've
posted the next eight months of topics further on in this newsletter
and online at:  <>  You will
notice that September and October are starred months.  That can only
mean something especially good!  September's "Tree Talks" will be a
military symposium by nationally renowned genealogist and lecturer,
Marie Varrelman Melchiori, CG, CGL.  Again, more details further on in
this newsletter.  Are you curious about October?  Stay tuned!

And now, our encyclopedias . . .  We have heard many times from
numerous sources that researching in context pays such significant
dividends, and that "doing the history" can provide consequential
leads in finding all the data about a potential ancestor.  Among the
many rich resources of the Genealogy Center are some extraordinary
materials that help one do just that.

We recently received a five-volume set entitled, "The Encyclopedia of
the American Revolutionary War: A Political, Social, and Military
History."  At more than seventeen hundred pages, this work provides a
detailed look at many of the principal people involved in this war, as
well as reproductions of early maps and transcriptions of keystone
documents in the founding of this country.  The work also contains a
robust number of sources with nearly every section concluded by a list
of references researchers can check for additional data.  Significant
numbers of thorough, well-written biographical sketches can be found
in each volume, as well as an index to the entire five-volume work.
The detailed portraits and pen-and-ink illustrations are an added

Another voluminous work recently added to the Genealogy Center
collections is entitled, "Encyclopedia of American Indian History."
In four volumes, this work offers thorough treatment of the American
Indian/Native American experience in the United States.  While the
parts of volume one that address contemporary native peoples issues
may not provide much genealogical or historical context, the parts
that address the historical treatment of Native Americans, as well as
sections on property rights, treaty diplomacy and historical battles
are quite useful and enlightening.  Volume two covers culture,
governments, and American Indian history, but it is volumes three and
four that hold the most promise for the genealogical researcher.
Volume three covers people and groups in American Indian history as
well as primary source documents; volume four is dedicated to Indian
nation histories and resources.  As with the previously described set,
an index to the entire work is carried in the back of each volume.

Settlement and Trail Atlases of Carrie Eldridge
by Delia Cothrun Bourne
Genealogists know that maps are a vital research tool for
understanding their ancestors' movements. Atlases can cover counties,
states, regions, countries, even the world, and each type of coverage
has benefits. We genealogists are interested not only in current, but
also historical maps. And the really interesting atlases cover both,
providing clues as to how and why our ancestors moved.

Carrie Eldridge has published a series of trail and settlement atlases
that collectively cover the United States. All contain information on
Native American, animal, or other major trails, physical barriers and
formations, and movement and settlement patterns for the region
covered, but all have unique features. The first, "An atlas of
Appalachian trails to the Ohio River" (973 EL2A), published in 1998,
also includes the gaps in the Blue Ridge Mountains, fortifications,
life on the toll roads, and a Virginia-West Virginia county formation

"An atlas of southern trails to the Mississippi" (975 EL2AT),
published in 1999, contains information on early colonial
transportation, pre-19th century pioneer destinations, military bounty
lands and land grants, and an explanation and maps of royal charters
and land companies. The next year, Ms. Eldridge published "An atlas of
northern trails westward from New England" (974 EL24AT). This covers
general migration routes and forts as well as early watersheds and
portage paths, 1804 post roads, a discussion and map for the eighteen
land grants that formed Ohio, and major canals of New York and Ohio,
including a nifty profile of the Erie Canal.

The fourth volume, "An atlas of trails west of the Mississippi River"
(978 EL24AT), was published in 2001. Subjects include control of North
America in the 17th and 18th centuries, western vegetation and
precipitation, and trails for traders, caravans, cattle, and miners.
The travels of three specific families are also highlighted. And
lastly, "An atlas of settlement between the Appalachian Mountains and
the Mississippi-Missouri Valleys, 1760-1880" (973 EL2B), published in
2006, uses tinted maps to highlight areas of settlement by date in
increments of one or two decades, proposed land grants and colonies,
Ohio River tributary settlements, destinations of soldiers who
received land, Indian land cessions, canals, and the foreign-born
population density in 1860 and 1880.

All of these volumes run about 28 x 43 centimeters, making them
oversized. Most are located in our oversize stacks, but the atlases of
"…Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi-Missouri Valleys,
1760-1880" and "…Appalachian trails to the Ohio River" are located in
one of the Ready Reference atlas cases near the entrance to the
Genealogy Center. The next time you visit, take a few minutes to
browse these interesting sources.

Marriage Records of the Freedmen's Bureau, 1861-1869
by Melissa Shimkus
Researchers interested in the formal legalization of ex-slave
marriages during the Civil War era should consult "Marriage Records of
the Freedmen's Bureau, 1861-1869" on microfilm. The Bureau of
Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, commonly known as the
Freedmen's Bureau, was established on March 3, 1865 and disbanded on
June 30, 1872. The Bureau established headquarters in the former
Confederate states, border states, and the District of Columbia to
provide relief to the freedmen and oversee abandoned property. Since
slave marriages were not legally recognized, Bureau Commissioner
Oliver Howard issued orders which allowed the Bureau to record
marriages and issue marriage certificates.

Despite Commissioner Howard's guidelines for documenting former slave
marriages, there was no consistent method of recording marriages among
the state Bureaus. Each state's Bureau official created unique
procedures for documenting ex-slave marriages. Some states noted slave
marriages in a report, while others issued marriage certificates to
the freedmen couples. The microfilm set being discussed here includes
marriages from Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, the District of Columbia,
Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, South Carolina,
Tennessee, and Virginia. Additional marriage records are available for
these and other states in alternate sets of Freedmen's Bureau
microfilms, as well as in unfilmed records at the National Archives.

The microfilmed "Marriage Records of the Freedmen's Bureau, 1861-1869"
consists of five rolls organized alphabetically by state. Within each
state, marriages are listed alphabetically by the first letter of the
groom's surname. The nature of the records and time period covered
varies by state. The Virginia section includes a list of thirty-two
marriages in September, 1861 from Camp Hamilton where the Rev. L. C.
Lockwood performed several ceremonies for refugees. For Missouri,
there is only a list of marriages recorded from July, 1865 to August,
1865. One, on July 19, 1865, shows Robert Randal (35 years old)
marrying Marie Thomas (26 years old). The couple had one male and one
female child. In Tennessee, marriage certificates were issued from
1863 to 1866. A marriage certificate issued on February 26, 1866 in
Nashville, TN for Samuel Carter and Dinah Blythe, also states they
were man and wife for the past four years, and had three children:
Sally Carter (4 years old), Lucy Carter (2 years old), and Betsy
Carter (1 month old).

Images from these microfilms can also be browsed online at, but the individual names are not indexed. In addition,
transcripts of some of these marriage records are available at the
free Internet site

The microfilmed set "Marriage Records of the Freedmen's Bureau,
1861-1869" is an essential resource for African-American genealogists
attempting to locate the formal marriage records of their Civil War
era relatives. The set also helps researchers to document their
ancestor's transformation from oppressed slaves to free citizens of
the United States.

Preservation Tip of the Month
By Becky Schipper
The spine is the most vulnerable part of a book, since it bends and
flexes each time the book is opened. Even in a well-bound volume the
joints may split or crack in time if heavily used and not carefully
handled. In oversized and/or extremely heavy books the joints are
under stress just sitting on the shelf. The best way to shelve these
oversized books is to lay them flat on a shelf at least as wide as the
book and alternate the spines. Larger books should be placed at the
bottom of a stack of not more than four or five books.

Correction to Last Month's "Directories of Photographers" Article
We regret an error was made in last month's article, "Directories of
Photographers Can Help Identify Old Photographs."  We would like to
correct that error here.  It was stated that daguerreotypes were
images made on glass, but in fact, these were ambrotypes.
Daguerreotypes were made on polished silver or copper plates.

March Madness--Genealogical Style
As mentioned last month, we are offering a great line-up of programs
the first week in March.  Now is the time to reserve a place on your
calendar and sign up for these great learning opportunities.  A
complete descriptive listing is on our website at:
<>  Dates and topics are
listed below.

Saturday March 1, 2008: "Beginning Genealogy," Margery Graham,
Instructor, sponsored by the Allen County Genealogical Society of
Indiana, Meeting Room A.  Fee $10. Pre-registration required. Call
260-672-2585 for more information, or use the form at to register.

Sunday March 2, 2008: "The Five Forts That Make Fort Wayne." Presented
by John Beatty. ACPL Theater, 1-2 PM.

Monday March 3, 2008: "Searching" Presented by Melissa
Shimkus. Computer Classroom, 2:30-3:30 PM.

Tuesday March 4, 2008: "Fingerprinting Our Families:  Using Ancestral
Origins as a Genealogical Research Key." Presented by Curt Witcher.
Meeting Room C, 1-2 PM.

Wednesday March 5, 2008: "Using PERSI at"
Presented by Delia Bourne. Computer Classroom, 2:30-3:30 PM.

Thursday March 6, 2008: "Ask the Librarian." Meeting Room A, 2:30-3:30
PM.  Bring your genealogical questions to our experienced panel!

Friday March 7, 2008: "Not Just Ancestry: Using the Entire Internet
for Genealogy." Presented by Don Litzer. Meeting Room A, 10-11 AM.

Tree Talks--A Family History Lecture Series
by Delia Bourne and Melissa Shimkus
As announced in the January issue, the fourth Saturdays from March to
October will feature educational opportunities for researchers at
ACPL's Main Library. Mark your calendars now for the first two events:

Using Census Records presented by Melissa Shimkus
Saturday, March 22, 2008, 10:00 a.m.  Meeting Room C
Census records are easily accessible to genealogists via the Internet.
Family relationships, migration, and immigration can be discovered
using these resources. Melissa will help you to identify what
genealogy treasures are found in census records, as well as to develop
search methods and strategies to overcome research problems.

Indiana Church Records presented by John Beatty
Saturday, April 26, 2008, 10:00 a.m.  Meeting Room A
Church records offer a significant and little-used resource for
genealogical research. John will discuss the different types of
records that churches produce, including parish registers, minutes of
meetings, and directories.  He will illustrate, through examples, the
types of records that exist for various denominations, and provide
descriptions of the information these records contain. He will also
offer some strategies for locating these records.

Tree Talks – Super Sized
A couple of times each year, the Genealogy Center will present a
two-day symposium on selected aspects of research. We are already
planning the first of these, a Military Symposium presented by Marie
Varrelman Melchiori, CG, CGL, on Friday and Saturday, September 26 &
27, 2008. Starting with "Using Records at the National Archives: A
Researcher's View," on September 26 at 3pm, and followed by research
time in the Genealogy Center, where registered attendees may stay
researching until the 6:30 p.m. dinner. Friday evening at the library
will end with Curt Witcher speaking on the Genealogy Center's
"Military Heritage" website. Saturday morning, Ms. Melchiori will
present "If Grandpa Wore Blue: Union Records in the National Archives"
and "If Grandpa Wore Gray: Confederate Records in the National
Archives." Morning sessions will end at noon, allowing plenty of
research time and an opportunity for individual consultations in the
afternoon. Space is limited so it is certainly not too early to
Registration (including Friday evening dinner): $50 payable to the
Allen County Public Library
Send a check with your name, postal address and email address to:
Military Symposium 2008
Genealogy Center, Allen County Public Library
P.O. Box 2270
Fort Wayne, IN 46801-2270
Questions: 260-421-1225 or Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info

Librarians on Parade
Curt Witcher
Mar. 4, 2008 at 1 p.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza, Meeting Room C.  Topic: "Fingerprinting
Our Ancestors: Using Ancestral Origins as a Genealogical Research Key"
Apr. 4, 2008, Evansville Vanderburgh Public Library, 200 SE Martin
Luther King, Jr. Blvd., Evansville, IN.  Indiana Genealogical
Society's Society Management Seminar
Apr. 5, 2008, Indiana Genealogical Society Annual Conference, The
Centre, 715 Locust Street, Evansville, IN.  Topic:  "Time for Reaping:
Finding & Using Our Ancestors' Death Event Records"
Apr. 12, 2008, Burlington Public Library, 210 Court Street,
Burlington, IA.  All day seminar: "Using Military Records for
Genealogical Research," "Passenger & Immigration Research," "Using
Periodical Literature in Genealogical Research," and "Effective Use of
the Allen County Public Library"
Apr. 18 & 19, 2008, Ohio Genealogical Society Conference, Sheraton
Cincinnati North, 11320 Chester Road, Cincinnati, OH.  Topics:
"Finding the World with WorldCat" and "A New Era of Collections and
Services at Fort Wayne's Genealogy Center"
Apr. 21, 2008 at 7 p.m., Steuben County Genealogical Society, Carnegie
Public Library, 322 S. Wayne Street, Angola, IN.  Topic: "Using
Military Records for Genealogical Research"
Apr. 30, 2008, Utah Library Association Annual Conference, Hilton-Salt
Lake City Center.  Topics: "More Toys and a Bigger Sandbox: Future
Trends in Digital Libraries" and "Something for Everyone: Genealogical
Reference Services in the 21st Century"

John Beatty
Mar. 2, 2008 at 1 p.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza, Theater.  Topic: "The Five Forts That Make
Fort Wayne"
Apr. 26, 2008 at 10 a.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza, Meeting Room A.  Topic: "Indiana Church

Delia Bourne
Mar. 5, 2008 at 2:30 p.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza, Computer Classroom.  Topic: "Using PERSI

Don Litzer
Mar. 7, 2008 at 10 a.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza, Meeting Room A.  Topic: "Not Just
Ancestry: Using the Entire Internet for Genealogy"
Mar. 12, 2008 at 6:30 p.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza.
Topic: "What's in a German Place Name?"

Melissa Shimkus
Mar. 3, 2008 at 2:30 p.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza, Computer Classroom. Topic: "Searching"
Mar. 22, 2008 at 10 a.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza, Meeting Room C.  Topic: "Using Census

Area Calendar of Events
Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana (ACGSI)

Mar. 12, 2008 at 6:30 p.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza.
Genealogy Center librarian Don Litzer will present "What's in a German
Place Name?"

Apr. 9, 2008 at 6:30 p.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza.  ACGSI members Adam Barrone, Sue Downey,
and Phil Husband will present "Software Available for Doing

May 14, 2008 at 6:30 p.m. at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library, 900 Library Plaza.  ACGSI member Marge Graham will present
"How to Retrieve Information from Other Sites."

Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) "First Wednesday" program
of lineage assistance is Wednesday, March 5, 2008, 9 am – 7 pm at the
Allen County Public Library's Main Library, 900 Library Plaza, in the
Genealogy Center.  Expert help from members of the DAR on becoming a
member of that organization.

Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society, 302 East Berry, Ft. Wayne, IN

Mar. 2, 2008, 2 p.m., Gen Dornbush and Jacqui Seals present "Quilting:
Art, Politics and Superstitions" (Featuring work by Sisters of the

Apr. 6, 2008, 2 p.m., Terry Lacy presents "The Artist as Historian:
Painting the Wabash & Erie Canal"

May 4, 2008, 2 p.m., Donn Werling presents "Down on the Farm"
(Following the lecture, History Center members will be invited to
visit the historic Werling farm which dates back to 1856.)

Driving Directions to the Library
Wondering how to get to the library?  Our location is 900 Library
Plaza, Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the block bordered on the south by
Washington Boulevard, the west by Ewing Street, the north by Wayne
Street, and the east by the Library Plaza, formerly Webster Street.
We would enjoy having you visit the Genealogy Center.

To get directions from your exact location to 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, Indiana, visit this link at MapQuest:

>From the South
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 102.  Drive east on Jefferson Boulevard
into downtown. Turn left on Ewing Street. The Library is one block
north, at Ewing Street and Washington Boulevard.

Using US 27:
US 27 turns into Lafayette Street. Drive north into downtown. Turn
left at Washington Boulevard and go five blocks. The Library will be
on the right.

>From the North
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 112.  Drive south on Coldwater Road, which
merges into Clinton Street.  Continue south on Clinton to Washington
Boulevard. Turn right on Washington and go three blocks. The Library
will be on the right.

>From the West
Using US 30:
Drive into town on US 30.  US 30 turns into Goshen Ave. which
dead-ends at West State Blvd.  Make an angled left turn onto West
State Blvd.  Turn right on Wells Street.  Go south on Wells to Wayne
Street.  Turn left on Wayne Street.  The Library will be in the second
block on the right.

Using US 24:
After crossing under Interstate 69, follow the same directions as from
the South.

>From the East
Follow US 30/then 930 into and through New Haven, under an overpass
into downtown Fort Wayne.  You will be on Washington Blvd. when you
get into downtown.  Library Plaza will be on the right.

Parking at the Library
At the Library, underground parking can be accessed from Wayne Street.
Other library parking lots are at Washington and Webster, and Wayne
and Webster. Hourly parking is $1 per hour with a $7 maximum. ACPL
library card holders may use their cards to validate the parking
ticket at the west end of the Great Hall of the Library. Out of county
residents may purchase a subscription card with proof of
identification and residence. The current fee for an Individual
Subscription Card is $70.

Public lots are located at the corner of Ewing and Wayne Streets ($1
each for the first two half-hours, $1 per hour after, with a $4 per
day maximum) and the corner of Jefferson Boulevard and Harrison Street
($3 per day).

Street (metered) parking on Ewing and Wayne Streets. On the street you
plug the meters 8am – 5pm, weekdays only.  It is free to park on the
street after 5pm and on the weekends.

Visitor center/Grand Wayne Center garage at Washington and Clinton
Streets. This is the Hilton Hotel parking lot that also serves as a
day parking garage.  For hourly parking, 7am – 11 pm, charges are .50
for the first 45 minutes, then $1.00 per hour.  There is a flat $2.00
fee between 5pm and 11pm.

Genealogy Center Queries
The Genealogy Center hopes you find this newsletter interesting.
Thank you for subscribing.  We cannot, however, answer personal
research emails written to the e-zine address.  The department houses
a Research Center that makes photocopies and conducts research for a

If you have a general question about our collection, or are interested
in the Research Center, please telephone the library and speak to a
librarian who will be glad to answer your general questions or send
you a research center form.  Our telephone number is 260-421-1225.  If
you'd like to email a general information question about the
department, please email: Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Publishing Note:
This electronic newsletter is published by the Allen County Public
Library's Genealogy Center, and is intended to enlighten readers about
genealogical research methods as well as inform them about the vast
resources of the Allen County Public Library.  We welcome the wide
distribution of this newsletter and encourage readers to forward it to
their friends and societies.  All precautions have been made to avoid
errors.  However, the publisher does not assume any liability to any
party for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions, no matter
the cause.

To subscribe to "Genealogy Gems," simply use your browser to go to the
website:  www.GenealogyCenter.Info. Scroll down toward the bottom of
the first screen where it says, "Enter Your Email Address to Subscribe
to "Genealogy Gems."  Enter your email address in the yellow box and
click on "Subscribe." You will be notified with a confirmation email.

If you do not want to receive this e-zine, please follow the link at
the very bottom of the issue of GenealogyGems you just received or
send an email to kspears [at] with "unsubscribe e-zine" in
the subject line.

Curt Witcher, editor pro-tem
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