Genealogy Gems: News from the Fort Wayne Library, No. 62, April 30, 2009
From: Genealogy Gems (
Date: Thu, 30 Apr 2009 18:55:28 -0700 (PDT)
Genealogy Gems:  News from the Fort Wayne Library
No. 62, April 30, 2009

In this issue:
*The Genealogy Center--Your Family History Classroom
*Notices for Indentured Servants
*Papers of the St. Louis Fur Trade
*Preservation Tip of the Month--Adhesives
*May “Tree Talks” -- "Climbing Your DNA: Genetic Genealogy”
*Palatines to America--German Genealogy Conference
*Genealogy Center Mini-Course: Family History 101
*Librarians on Parade
*Area Calendar of Events
*Driving Directions to the Library
*Parking at the Library
*Queries for the Department

The Genealogy Center--Your Family History Classroom
by Curt B. Witcher
Many of us have heard the phrase life-long learning; indeed, some may
have even grown a bit tired of its use.  Overused or completely
unfamiliar, the phrase accurately describes a concept that has a lot
of merit.  Committing to life-long learning means that we are always
looking to explore, investigate, clarify, and understand the world
around us and, in particular, the activities in which we engage.
Periodically, studies make the news indicating how vital life-long
learning is to extending life and enhancing the quality of one's life.
 Clearly, there is every reason to commit to being a life-long
learner.  And if your interest is genealogy, the opportunities for
life-long learning are rich and nearly boundless.

More so than usual over the next couple of months, the Allen County
Public Library and its Genealogy Center would like to be your Family
History Classroom.  We have some dynamic programs planned that will be
top-shelf learning experiences, and that will have immediate,
practical use in your genealogical endeavors.  In less than one month,
we are offering a program entitled "Climbing Your DNA:  Genetic
Genealogy."  Just as the Internet and the continued deployment of
technologies are so radically impacting the genealogy field, genetic
genealogy will assuredly do the same thing in a very short amount of
time.  Some would argue it already has done so.  By now, numerous
individuals have been able to solve some of their brick-wall genealogy
problems by combining their documented research with the science of
genetics.  Others have opened completely new research avenues on
family lines that had been a mystery.

On Friday and Saturday, May 22nd and 23rd, 2009 the Genealogy Center
of the library and the Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana
are co-sponsoring a genetic genealogy program entitled, “Climbing Your
DNA.”  The presenter for this six-session event will be Roberta Estes,
one of the leading experts in the genetic genealogy field.  Roberta,
an area representative for the International Society for Genetic
Genealogy, is both a scientist by education and training, and a
genealogist with more than three decades of experience.  She is an
informed and engaging presenter who not only knows her field well, but
is also passionate about helping others understand and appreciate the
benefits of genetic genealogy.  This is the time to update your
knowledge about the important benefits the science of genetics is
bringing to the genealogy field.

The “Climbing Your DNA” program has been qualified for “library
education units” (LEUs) so individuals working in public libraries may
have an additional incentive to attend.  If you cannot make both days
of the program, please feel free to join us for the two sessions on
Friday afternoon or for the four sessions on Saturday.  More details
about this important program are listed further on in this ezine.

The following month, the Genealogy Center of the Allen County Public
Library is hosting the national “Palatines to America: German
Genealogy” conference.  June 18-20, 2009 will be three days devoted to
engaging in and learning about German genealogical research.  The
major presentations during the conference are listed below.

“Research Basics for the 18th Century Palatine Families and Other
Colonial Germany Ancestry”
“Palatines Along the Hudson: Researching 18th Century Settlers on
Livingston Manor”
“Researching Your Northern German Ancestors”
“Advancing Your Research with PERSI”
“Colonial Immigration Records: Ship Passenger Lists and Naturalization Records”
“Researching Alsatians, Palatines, Swiss and Locating the European
Villages of Origin”
“Researching in Germany”
“Preparing Your Research for Publication”
“Swiss Genealogical Records”
“Primary Evidence of German and Swiss Origins in the 18th Century”

In addition to the featured talks, there will be consultation
opportunities for one-on-one assistance.  These are fantastic ways to
jump-start any research challenges that may be slowing you down.
Visit the PalAm website to register:

I invited you to explore these and other learning opportunities found
in this ezine.  And here’s to life-long learning!

Notices for Indentured Servants
by Melissa Shimkus
Many of our ancestors could not afford the fare to America, so they
indentured themselves to others, who paid transportation costs.
Contracts to work off that expense generally lasted for four to seven
years and can be found among courthouse records. Some servants decided
they did not want to complete their contract and abandoned their
service. The holder of the contract, the owner, would post
advertisements in the provincial newspaper notifying the public in
hopes of having the servant returned. The Genealogy Center owns
several books that include these notices of runaway indentured

“Eighteenth-Century White Slaves: Fugitive Notices” by Daniel Meaders
(call number 929.11 Ei4) features runaway indentured servants
mentioned in “The Pennsylvania Gazette” from 1729-1760. Originally,
the book was to be the first in a four volume series on newspaper
notices of runaway servants in the colonies, but the other volumes
have yet to be published. Notices are arranged in order by date.
Separate alphabetical indexes of the owners and of the servants
provide the date of the advertisement.

“Runaways of Colonial New Jersey” by Richard B. Marrin (call number
974.9 M34ru) is another source. The advertisements reproduced in this
volume cover 1720-1781 and include indentured servants, slaves,
military deserters, and escaped prisoners from the following
newspapers: “The Pennsylvania Journal,” “The Pennsylvania Gazette,”
“The New York Gazette,” “The New York Post,” “The New York Weekly
Journal,” and “The Boston Newsletter.” An alphabetical index directs
the researcher to the page within the volume.

Advertisements typically supplied the owner’s name, residence, reward
amount, servant’s name, age, trade, nationality, physical description
including scars, and details on the clothing worn by the runaway.
Matthew Burrass, an Englishman, ran from Lancaster, Pennsylvania in
1742. In the advertisement, his owner stated that Matthew claimed to
be a brickmaker, but was really a baker. Also, Matthew took his wife
with him when he left. Thomas Griffiths, another Englishman, left
Burlington, New Jersey in 1774. His description indicated that he
previously owned a tavern in London called the Sign of the King’s Arms
on Leaden Hall Street and also rented a farm near Bristol.

When researching colonial times, newspapers can offer a wealth of
information. The advertisements vividly illustrate the history of
indentured servitude in colonial America, as well as provide useful
genealogical information on possible ancestors.

Papers of the St. Louis Fur Trade
by Steve Myers
The Chouteau family occupied the central place in the booming fur
trade that spurred development of St. Louis into the “Gateway to the
West.” Fortunately, researchers interested in this time period have
ready access to a vast archive of family and company papers
collectively microfilmed as the “Papers of the St. Louis Fur Trade.”
The collection is divided into three parts which are fully introduced
and described in two printed guides of the same title (call number
977.802 Sa227pa). Reel indexes for each part provide microfilm frame
numbers for the beginning of each record series to facilitate use.

Part one contains “The Chouteau Collection” with documents dating as
early as 1752, although the bulk of the items are from the pre-Civil
War nineteenth century. Accounts, bills, contracts, correspondence,
and legal papers are all arranged in one chronological series. Part
two contains the Chouteau family’s “Fur Company Ledgers and Account
Books, 1802-1871” which record payments for goods and services with
the names of the person or company paid. Part three contains the
“Robert Campbell Family Collection” including indexed letter books and
ledgers of another fur trading company.

For the researcher tracing individual family members who were active
on the frontier or had connections with St. Louis and the fur trade
the financial ledgers may prove especially valuable. One entry records
Thomas Murphy’s payment of $27 on April 8, 1825 for “Green Blankets
sold him 29 November.” Genealogical connections are even possible
occasionally. On the same page, the account of Jabez Warner was “paid
by his brother Jude.”

While most of the accounts center on affairs in St. Louis and
environs, some detail activities in the far flung corners of the
Chouteau business empire, such as Michilimackinac in Michigan
Territory. A journal entry there on August 19, 1836 records the names
of several men, including “Joseph Chaput, boatman & striker,” for
“Cash advanced them in Canada and Goods sold them on the way from
Montreal to Mackinaw.” Besides their usefulness in tracing
individuals, the seemingly routine accounts can be interesting
reading, providing the prices of everyday necessities, along with the
mention of now unusual items such as “buffalo robes.” Reel 23 of part
two helps provide access to the account books through its 1,398 page
index of personal and place names, and includes dozens of references
under the names of specific Native American tribes.

Preservation Tip of the Month--Adhesives
by Becky Schipper
To answer some reoccurring questions regarding adhesives, I will
attempt to explain below what adhesives I use in different repair

In repairing books, I use a mixture of one half PVA and one half
methylcellulose. This mix allows me more time for working with the
repair and also reduces the cost of the PVA. I use a methylcellulose
powder that has to be mixed, cooled, and left to set up for an hour
before combining with the PVA. Depending on the application, you can
add distilled water to thin or add more PVA to thicken. This adhesive
is not recommended for repairs on rare documents or photos.

For repairing paper I use Lineco Transparent Mending Tissue and
Gaylord Document Repair Tape. These come in several widths and
thicknesses, and are nearly invisible after applying. They are both
pressure sensitive and therefore not recommended for rare books or

For paper tears on high-use books of low or modest value, I also use
Scotch Removable Magic Tape, #811. This tape is ph-neutral and is
almost invisible after burnishing. I prefer the 1/2 inch width for
easy alignment. This tape can be removed or repositioned without
tearing the page or lifting off the print.

None of the above mentioned adhesives are for use on rare materials.
For those types of repairs it is always advisable to consult a

For the do-it-yourself repairer, the smallest amount of PVA for sale
that I am aware of is 4 oz. for $3.95 from Hollanders in Ann Arbor.
They also carry methylcellulose. The repair tapes are available from
most library or archival suppliers.

May “Tree Talks” -- "Climbing Your DNA: Genetic Genealogy”
by Delia Bourne and Melissa Shimkus
This month's Tree Talks program is a one and one half day seminar on
the use of DNA testing in genealogical problem solving entitled
“Climbing Your DNA: Genetic Genealogy," featuring Roberta Estes  on
May 22 and 23, 2009 in the Main Library Theater.

Ms. Estes, one of the leading experts in the field, founded DNAeXplain
( in 2003, following a successful 25 year career as
President of Information Access Strategies, Inc., a consulting firm
that manages and implements leading edge technology projects in the
government sector. She is a professional scientist and business owner
(BS Computer Science, MBA, graduate work in Geographic Information
Systems), and has been an obsessed genealogist since 1978. When the
infant scientific field of DNA for genealogy emerged, Roberta was one
of the early DNA surname administrators and pioneer adopters of DNA
analysis for genealogy. She manages over 20 surname projects including
the large regional Cumberland, the Lost Colony and the North Carolina
Native Heritage projects, performing a significant amount of both
genealogical and DNA research and analysis pertaining to surname
projects and individual clients’ test results. Ms. Estes will be the
featured speaker at the fifth annual ISOGG (International Society for
Genetic Genealogy) conference. She has previously lectured widely,
authored a column for a technology magazine, written books in the
technology arena and is in the process of writing a book about her
experiences with DNA and Genealogy. The Genealogy Center is pleased to
welcome her as the instructor for this timely course.

The schedule for the seminar is listed in the following:

Friday, May 22nd
2 p.m.--Registration
2:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. -- DNA and Genealogy--Introduction
3:30 p.m. -- Break
4 p.m. to 5 p.m. – Getting in Touch With Your Feminine Side: mtDNA

Saturday, May 23rd
9 a.m. -- Open, Welcome, Recall/Review/Re-Orient
9:30 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. -- Twists and Turns in the Rocky Road: Case Studies
10:30 a.m. -- Break
11 a.m. to 12 noon -- My Results are Back--Now What?
12 noon to 1:30 p.m. -- Attendees are on their own for lunch.
1:30 p.m. to 2:30 p.m. – Autosomal DNA Testing and You: What is It,
What Does It Mean, and How to Use It
2:30 p.m. -- Break
3 p.m. to 4 p.m. -- Making DNA Loveable: How to Take Your DNA Results
and Turn Them into an Heirloom Gift for Your Family
4 p.m. -- Break
4:15 p.m. -- Q&A Session if there is interest

Early registration:  $30 (postmarked by May 11, 2009).
Registration:  $35 (postmarked after May 11, 2009).
For more information, see our website , call 260-421-1225,
or email Genealogy [at]

Palatines to America--German Genealogy Conference
The Palatines to America National Conference and Annual Meeting will
be held at the Allen County Public Library, June 18 - 20, 2009.  Visit
their website for all the details.  <> The general
schedule is below.

Thursday June 18, 2009 4:45 p.m. - 5:45 p.m.
Workshop A - Palatines Along the Hudson: Researching 18th Century
Settlers on Livingston Manor - Steven Myers
Workshop B - Researching Your North German Ancestors - Robert Rau
Workshop C - Advancing Your Research with PERSI - Delia Bourne

Friday June 19, 2009 2 p.m. - 3 p.m.
Workshop D - Researching in Germany - James Feit
Workshop E - Preparing Your Research for Publication - Barbara Gargiulo
Workshop F - Swiss Genealogical Records - John Beatty

Friday June 19, 2009 3:30 p.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Workshops A - B - C will be repeated

Saturday June 20, 2009 1 p.m. - 2 p.m.
Workshops D - E - F will be repeated

Online registration at the National Conference Registration site .

Genealogy Center Mini-Course: Family History 101
Our very popular mini-course, “Family History 101,” will be offered
July 10 - 11, 2009. The classes, with instructors Margery Graham, CG
and Steve Myers, MLS, provide an excellent way for the beginner to get
started, for newer researchers to review important concepts and
sources, and for seasoned researchers to refresh their skills. “Family
History 101” will cover the following topics:

Session 1: Getting Started on Your Family History--Start your family
history adventure off on the right foot. Learn about important first
steps, home sources, interviewing, organizing what you collect,
standard forms, using computer catalogs, and more!

Session 2: Basic Research Methods--Learn how to plan a successful
search, gather evidence, and record and document what you find.

Session 3: Census Records - A Cornerstone Source--Learn how federal
population schedules, state census records, as well as auxiliary
schedules and census substitutes can all help advance your research.

Session 4: Vital Records - Birth, Marriage & Death--Learn how to use
published and online sources for vital records, how to contact record
offices, and how newspaper and cemetery records can fill in the gaps.

Session 5: Published Local History & Family History Sources--Learn
about the wealth of information available in local history
publications, how to track down obscure sources, and how to find out
what others have already done on your families.

Session 6: Directories, Maps & Gazetteers--Learn about the many
features of directories, maps and place name dictionaries that can
help you pin down exactly where your ancestors lived and what they
were doing there.

The registration fee for the “Family History 101” mini-course is $50.
Checks should be made payable to “ACPL Foundation” and mailed to:
Genealogy Center, Allen County Public Library, P.O. Box 2270, Fort
Wayne, IN 46801-2270. Mini-course attendance will be limited, so
register early to avoid disappointment. Additional information and a
workshop schedule will be posted soon on our Web site at
Margery Graham and Steve Myers are already scheduled to offer “Family
History: Beyond the Basics,” covering more advanced sources and
problem solving, on Friday and Saturday, September 18-19, 2009.

Librarians on Parade
Curt Witcher
June 10, 2009--Fort Wayne, IN, Allen County Genealogical Society
Annual Banquet, Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza, 7:00
p.m.  Topic: “This I Believe: The Urgent Need to Record Living
June 22, 2009--Mansfield, OH, Mansfield/Richland County Public
Library, 43 West 3rd St., Mansfield, 7:00 p.m.  Topic: “Finding the
World with WorldCat.”
June 22-23, 2009--Mansfield, OH, Ohio Genealogical Society Summer
Workshops, OGS Library, 713 South Main Street, Mansfield.  Three
topics on genealogical research methodology.

John Beatty
June 19 & 20, 2009--Fort Wayne, IN, PalAm German Genealogy Conference,
Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza, 2:00 p.m. and 1:00
p.m. respectively.  Topic: “Swiss Genealogical Records.”

Delia Bourne
June 18 & 19, 2009--Fort Wayne, IN, PalAm German Genealogy Conference,
Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza, 4:45 p.m. & 3:30 p.m.
respectively.  Topic:  “Advancing Your Research with PERSI.”

Steve Myers
June 18 & 19, 2009--Fort Wayne, IN, PalAm German Genealogy Conference,
Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza, 4:45 p.m. & 3:30 p.m.
respectively.  Topic:  “Palatines Along the Hudson: Researching 18th
Century Settlers on Livingston Manor.”

Area Calendar of Events
Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana (ACGSI)

May 13, 2009 at 7 p.m. (social time begins at 6:30 p.m.) at the Allen
County Public Library’s Main Library, 900 Library Plaza, Meeting Room
A.  Shirley Harris will present “Heritage Societies.”

Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society, 302 East Berry, Ft. Wayne, IN

May 3, 2009 at 2 p.m.  Dyne Pfeffenberger will present “From the
Emboyd to the Embassy: A History of Fort Wayne's Opulent Showcase."

May 9, 2009 at 2 p.m.  Jan Shupert-Arick will lecture on “The Lincoln
Highway Across Indiana” followed by a book signing.

May 23, 2009 at 1 p.m.  Memorial Day Concert in the Barr Street
Farmers Market provided by the American Legion Post 47 Band.

Driving Directions to the Library
Wondering how to get to the library?  Our location is 900 Library
Plaza, Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the block bordered on the south by
Washington Boulevard, the west by Ewing Street, the north by Wayne
Street, and the east by the Library Plaza, formerly Webster Street.
We would enjoy having you visit the Genealogy Center.

To get directions from your exact location to 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, Indiana, visit this link at MapQuest:

>From the South
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 102.  Drive east on Jefferson Boulevard
into downtown. Turn left on Ewing Street. The Library is one block
north, at Ewing Street and Washington Boulevard.

Using US 27:
US 27 turns into Lafayette Street. Drive north into downtown. Turn
left at Washington Boulevard and go five blocks. The Library will be
on the right.

>From the North
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 112.  Drive south on Coldwater Road, which
merges into Clinton Street.  Continue south on Clinton to Washington
Boulevard. Turn right on Washington and go three blocks. The Library
will be on the right.

>From the West
Using US 30:
Drive into town on US 30.  US 30 turns into Goshen Ave. which
dead-ends at West State Blvd.  Make an angled left turn onto West
State Blvd.  Turn right on Wells Street.  Go south on Wells to Wayne
Street.  Turn left on Wayne Street.  The Library will be in the second
block on the right.

Using US 24:
After crossing under Interstate 69, follow the same directions as from
the South.

>From the East
Follow US 30/then 930 into and through New Haven, under an overpass
into downtown Fort Wayne.  You will be on Washington Blvd. when you
get into downtown.  Library Plaza will be on the right.

Parking at the Library
At the Library, underground parking can be accessed from Wayne Street.
Other library parking lots are at Washington and Webster, and Wayne
and Webster. Hourly parking is $1 per hour with a $7 maximum. ACPL
library card holders may use their cards to validate the parking
ticket at the west end of the Great Hall of the Library. Out of county
residents may purchase a subscription card with proof of
identification and residence. The current fee for an Individual
Subscription Card is $70.

Public lots are located at the corner of Ewing and Wayne Streets ($1
each for the first two half-hours, $1 per hour after, with a $4 per
day maximum) and the corner of Jefferson Boulevard and Harrison Street
($3 per day).

Street (metered) parking on Ewing and Wayne Streets. On the street you
plug the meters 8am – 5pm, weekdays only.  It is free to park on the
street after 5pm and on the weekends.

Visitor center/Grand Wayne Center garage at Washington and Clinton
Streets. This is the Hilton Hotel parking lot that also serves as a
day parking garage.  For hourly parking, 7am – 11 pm, charges are .50
for the first 45 minutes, then $1.00 per hour.  There is a flat $2.00
fee between 5pm and 11pm.

Genealogy Center Queries
The Genealogy Center hopes you find this newsletter interesting.
Thank you for subscribing.  We cannot, however, answer personal
research emails written to the e-zine address.  The department houses
a Research Center that makes photocopies and conducts research for a

If you have a general question about our collection, or are interested
in the Research Center, please telephone the library and speak to a
librarian who will be glad to answer your general questions or send
you a research center form.  Our telephone number is 260-421-1225.  If
you’d like to email a general information question about the
department, please email: Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Publishing Note:
This electronic newsletter is published by the Allen County Public
Library's Genealogy Center, and is intended to enlighten readers about
genealogical research methods as well as inform them about the vast
resources of the Allen County Public Library.  We welcome the wide
distribution of this newsletter and encourage readers to forward it to
their friends and societies.  All precautions have been made to avoid
errors.  However, the publisher does not assume any liability to any
party for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions, no matter
the cause.

To subscribe to “Genealogy Gems,” simply use your browser to go to the
website:  www.GenealogyCenter.Info. Scroll down toward the bottom of
the first screen where it says, "Enter Your Email Address to Subscribe
to "Genealogy Gems."  Enter your email address in the yellow box and
click on "Subscribe." You will be notified with a confirmation email.

If you do not want to receive this e-zine, please follow the link at
the very bottom of the issue of Genealogy Gems you just received or
send an email to kspears [at] with "unsubscribe e-zine" in
the subject line.

Steve Myers & Curt Witcher, co-editors
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