Genealogy Gems: News from the Fort Wayne Library, No. 65, July 31, 2009
From: Genealogy Gems (
Date: Fri, 31 Jul 2009 20:31:10 -0700 (PDT)
Genealogy Gems:  News from the Fort Wayne Library
No. 65, July 31, 2009

In this issue:
*To Publish is to Preserve
*New England Missionary Families in Hawaii
*Confederate Military Manuscripts
*Technology Tip of the Month--Restoring Photographs using Adobe
Photoshop Version 9.02
*Preservation Tip of the Month--Reframing Prints
*Tree Talks for August: Preserve Your Family Treasures
*Family History: Beyond the Basics, A Two Day Mini-Course
*Second Annual Military Symposium
*Coming Soon . . . Family History Month
*Librarians on Parade
*Area Calendar of Events
*Driving Directions to the Library
*Parking at the Library
*Queries for the Department

To Publish is to Preserve
by Curt B. Witcher
I believe many frequently forget that one of the best ways of
preserving information is to disseminate that data.  In so many ways,
to publish is to preserve.  If you publish data about your family and
the research you have done, and further, if you include references to
your sources--and maybe even digital copies of the evidence upon which
you based your research conclusions--you are preserving that data for
future users.

Over the years, I have encountered numerous researchers who are
frustrated that a vital record is missing the given name of an
ancestor or that an official document (or its transcription) contains
a variant or misspelling of a surname.  "How can I get that changed?"
and "Who can I write to in order to update that document?" are
frequent questions.  Since we can't change original records and
published materials (and it probably would be imprudent for us to do
so anyway), the best answer is to publish the correct data--publish
the complete information.  So publishing not only preserves data but
publishing also preserves our thoughts and opinions about, and
evaluation of, that data.

We hear people wonder out loud, often with a tone of regret, if anyone
a few years from now will remember Grandpa’s stories, or recall Aunt
Tillie’s favorite way of describing a summer rainstorm. We can assure
that our family stories are preserved by recording them and publishing
them.  Today’s technology gives us so many free and near-free
options--we truly have little excuse not to publish.

Self publishing the traditional way with paper can be done for
pennies.  Web publishing can be done even more economically.  When you
publish on paper, make sure a copy gets to a library that will
catalog, preserve, and make your work accessible to interested
researchers.  Libraries such as the Family History Library in Salt
Lake City and the Allen County Public Library’s Genealogy Center in
Fort Wayne are excellent repositories for such works.  Sending a copy
to both libraries is a super way to preserve your work.  When you
publish on the web, make sure you have an electronic copy that is on a
website maintained and accessed by many.  Just keeping the electronic
work to yourself orphans it if/when something happens to you.  A
family or community website more completely ensures the file(s) will
be available longer than we will.  An even better place to deposit
your electronic family files is on  Give it a look--it
could be the answer to your electronic preservation needs.

Other news . . .

With this month’s ezine, a new feature of “Genealogy Gems” is
debuting:  “Technology Tips.”  For the next several months, a very
talented colleague here in the Genealogy Center will be writing about
how to improve your digital images.  I am looking forward to great,
practical information about making captured images of people and
documents clearer and more usable.

Finally, if you have electronic files, whether about a family, a
record group, or a geographic area, and you want to ensure they are
available in the future--preserved--think about sending the Genealogy
Center a copy on disk.

New England Missionary Families in Hawaii
by Delia Cothrun Bourne
Taking a long cruise to Hawaii may be a pleasant vacation to Americans
now, but in the nineteenth century such a trip may have been motivated
by a religious vocation to minister to, and convert, native Hawaiians.
The Genealogy Center has two volumes which provide a wealth of
information on the people and activities of the Hawaiian Mission
Children’s Society.

The first is “Missionary Album: Portraits and Biographical Sketches of
the American Protestant Missionaries to the Hawaiian Islands” (996.9
H31), published by the Society in 1969. Along with detailed
biographies and portraits of the missionaries are a map and
descriptions of the various stations throughout the Islands. The
arrivals of the twelve “Companies” of missionaries (1820-1848) are
also listed, including departure and arrival ports and dates, ship’s
name with description, captain’s name, and notes concerning the
voyage. For example, the Third Company sailed on Captain Richard D.
Blinn’s “Parthian” from Boston in 1827, arriving in Honolulu in 1828.
The entry details the cost of passage for sixteen missionaries and
four Polynesians, and notes that the ship carried material for two
frame houses, a printing press and its accoutrements, and 40,000 Bible
tracts printed in the Hawaiian language. The 1837-38 Eighth Company
voyage was pleasant, with a cooperative captain who allowed Hawaiian
seamen to tutor the missionaries in the language, culminating in
public confessions of faith by six of the ship’s crew. In contrast,
food washed overboard on the Ninth Company’s trip, 1840-41, resulting
in a poor diet for the remainder of the voyage because the captain
refused to replace it.

“Descendants of New England Protestant Missionaries to the Sandwich
Islands (Hawaiian Islands), 1820-1900: An Alphabetically Arranged Copy
of Births, Marriages, and Deaths from the Records of the Hawaiian
Mission Children’s Society Library” (996.9 R44D) includes the same
listings of the missionary Companies, along with arrivals of
individuals, 1823-1894. Family groups are listed by surname, and
include parents and children with vital record dates and places. One
can then trace the descendants of each child for several generations,
following families back to the mainland, or to foreign countries.
Married daughters will be listed under their husband’s surname. An
every name index also makes it possible to begin with a descendant and
trace back to the missionary ancestors. Both of these volumes could
assist in breaking down a wall in the research of missionary

Confederate Military Manuscripts
by Melissa Shimkus
When searching for a Confederate soldier of the Civil War, one might
use service records, pension applications, and unit histories, but
another excellent source of information is the microfilmed
“Confederate Military Manuscripts.” These primary source documents
illustrate the effects of the war on the southern population. Within
the series, a researcher may locate military enlistment rolls, battle
reports, prisoner of war records, and order books, as well as discover
family information in personal letters and diaries.

The set consists of 106 reels of film divided into four sections or
series. Series A contains materials from the Virginia Historical
Society, including the papers of Robert E Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and
J.E.B. Stuart. Series B, from Louisiana State University, focuses on
the western theater of the war. Series C features events west of the
Mississippi River, with documents from the University of Texas at
Austin. Series D concentrates on the eastern theater of the conflict,
with sources from the University of Virginia Library. “The Guide to
the Microfilm Edition of Confederate Military Manuscripts” (973.7
Sch34g), edited by Joseph T. Glatthaar, describes the contents of each
reel in the set, but is not an index.

Among these content rich documents, for example, one can find the
papers of Robert Taylor Scott. Prior to becoming the Attorney General
of Virginia, he corresponded with various family members discussing
matters such as weddings, visits, ailments, and the courtship of his
future wife. Military papers within the manuscripts include a muster
roll for the Texas Cavalry’s, 1st Mounted Riflemen, Company C, which
provides genealogical data on Sgt. Solomon H. Owens, who enlisted on
May 7, 1861 and died June 15, 1861.

Personal letters found in the collection can also help military
researchers document battlefield decisions. For example, Isaac “Ike”
Jordan, of the 11th Mississippi Regiment, wrote his family concerning
his time at Harpers Ferry and Manassas Junction. His account of the
regiment’s movements within Virginia and of his service to the
Confederacy provides a personal report of the war, and helps the
researcher understand military decisions as well as the fears and
concerns of those fighting.

The “Confederate Military Manuscripts” is a valuable resource for
southern historians and genealogical researchers. The first-hand
accounts of daily life during that turbulent time give us a glimpse of
the trials and conditions our ancestors experienced. The military
records hidden within this source can also help us follow their
service to the Confederacy.

Technology Tip of the Month--Restoring Photographs using Adobe
Photoshop Version 9.02
by Kay Spears
We all have them. They’re probably in a big old box under a bed or in
a ratty old scrapbook that’s seen better days. You know, those old
photographs that are fading, cracking, and have water spots or crayon
marks on them. Wouldn’t it be nice to restore them? Easy to say, but
harder to do, because if you have more than one that you want to
restore, it’s going to be a tedious, time consuming project. However,
in the end, when you have a pristine photograph of your grandmother at
age 18 gazing back at you, it will all be worthwhile.

Here are some beginning rules of thumb:

1.  Raster and Vector: All photographic images are rasters when viewed
on the computer monitor. Raster images are composed of individual
elements, called pixels, arranged in a grid. Each pixel has a specific
location and color. Vector graphics use geometric characteristics –
lines and curves. Most company logos are Vectors. Mickey Mouse is a
vector. Because computer displays are made of a grid of pixels, both
vector and raster images are displayed as pixels on a computer

2.  When working with an image, whether adding color, painting,
cloning, erasing, etc., remember that you will in all likelihood be
working with a mouse tool, and a mouse tool is not the easiest tool to

3.  Remember that no matter how hard you try, there are some images
that cannot be fixed.

4.  Always have a backup and save your original screen image as is.
Never save the corrections to the original photographic image file;
always save the corrected image under a different file name. I usually
make a duplicate copy of the image and work on that.

5.  All computers are different! The computer at my desk is different
from the computer at the next desk. Windows applications are different
from Macintosh applications. A laser jet printer is different from an
ink jet. The same photographic image will appear darker on a Windows
computer than on a Macintosh.

6.  There will be a variation in color from what you see on the screen
and what is printed. Do a couple of test runs to become acquainted
with your color printer.

7.  Scan a photo for archival purposes at a minimum of 300 dpi (dots
per inch) and save it as a TIFF (never a JPEG). If a photo is going to
be used for a website or emailed, it may be reduced to 72 dpi and
saved as a JPEG.

8.  Don’t be afraid to experiment!

Next month:  The tools you need for photo restoration.

Preservation Tip of the Month--Reframing Prints
by Becky Schipper
Most prints from the late 1800s to the late 1900s were on acidic
paper.  In addition, many of those prints were backed with cardboard
and matted with an acidic mat.  Many times the acid in these materials
will burn into the print, causing it to turn brown and brittle.

Another common problem is referred to as foxing.  This is when the
print has mold that appears as brown spots on the face of the print.
Mold is more common when no mat or spacers were used in the framing.
It can be very expensive to have a conservator kill the mold and
restore the paper.  However, if you re-mat and replace the glass on a
moldy print, further mold growth will be prevented.

Your print should be reframed to archival standards. This includes
using pH neutral mats and backing boards, and attaching the print to
the backing board with either pH neutral plastic mounts, or pH neutral
hinges and adhesives.  A mat or spacers should be used between the
print and the glass.

Tree Talks for August: Preserve Your Family Treasures
What do you do with the original documents, antique quilts, and
photographs that you acquire as the family's historian? Where do you
put these materials and how do you make sure they are preserved for
future generations? Rebecca Schipper, the Allen County Public
Library's Preservationist, will answer some of these questions in her
presentation "Preserving Family History: Basics of Care & Storage" on
August 22, 2009, at 10 AM in Meeting Room A. Becky will discuss the
correct storage and care of textiles, books, documents, and photos.
Mark your calendars for this free program! Register by calling
260-421-1225 or email Genealogy [at] .
Family History: Beyond the Basics, A Two Day Mini-Course
September brings the advanced course on research techniques on Friday
and Saturday, September 18 and 19. Margery Graham, ICG and Steve
Myers, MLS will share their expertise with a limited number of
attendees. Sessions include Problem Solving, Probate Records, Land
Records and Tax Lists, Military Records, Church Records, and Tracing
Your Ancestors Across the Atlantic, as well as  tours of the Genealogy
Center, assisted research, and personal consultations. Cost is $50 for
the two days. Expanded course descriptions and registration form will
soon be at .
Register early because space is limited.

Second Annual Military Symposium
Make plans now to attend the Genealogy Center’s second annual Military
Symposium, emphasizing Patriotic Lineage Societies, on Friday and
Saturday, October 9 and 10. Speakers Ron Darrah, Curt Witcher, and
Delia Cothrun Bourne will present  “American Hereditary Military
Societies: An Overview,” “Keep Your Powder Dry: The Revolutionary War
and Genealogy,” “After Johnny & Billy Came Marching Home: Post-Service
and Hereditary Societies of the American Civil War,” “A Splendid
Little War: Family History and the Spanish-American War,” “The War To
End All Wars: World War I Genealogy,” and “Marching On: The ‘Our
Military Heritage’ Website.”  See in the next week for
schedule and registration information.

Coming Soon . . . Family History Month
With October comes Family History Month, and true to form the
Genealogy Center staff is planning 31 days of events to celebrate our
shared passion for researching our heritage! Events will include
sessions on research techniques and online sources, a spotlight on
local church and architecture sources, and feature a segment on the
Lincoln Collection (newly housed here at the Allen County Public
Library), as well as our second annual Military Symposium.  The month
will finish with "Reconnecting Lost Links," the first International
Black Genealogy Summit. For the calendar and more information about
Family History Month programs, go to in the next week and
register for a least several of the program offerings.  For the
International Black Genealogy Summit, go directly to the following
.  Click on the top link at the bottom of the page to see a complete
list of offerings.  You can also print off a form to register today at
this site.

Librarians on Parade
Curt Witcher
August 19, 2009--Auburn, IN, Willennar Genealogy Center of the Eckhart
Public Library, 700 South Jackson Street, 7 p.m. "Finding the World
with WorldCat"

September 3, 2009--Little Rock, AR, Federation of Genealogical
Societies Annual Conference, Little Rock Statehouse Convention Center,
5 p.m. "More Toys and a Bigger Sandbox: Future Possibilities with
Digital Libraries"

September 5, 2009--Little Rock, AR, Federation of Genealogical
Societies Annual Conference, Little Rock Statehouse Convention Center,
2 p.m. "Finding the World with WorldCat"

September 9, 2009--Fort Wayne, IN, Allen County Public Library, 900
Library Plaza, Meeting Room "A", 7 p.m. "What's New at the Genealogy

September 16, 2009--Auburn, IN, Willennar Genealogy Center of the
Eckhart Public Library, 700 South Jackson Street, 7 p.m. "Peopling the
Midwest--Patterns & Records"

September 25, 2009--Plainfield, IN, Plainfield-Guildford Township
Public Library, 1120 Stafford Road, 11:15 a.m. "Preserving Local
Records"  Part of the Indiana Genealogical Society's "Society
Management Seminar"--focus on preserving and accessing public records.

Area Calendar of Events
Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana (ACGSI)

The society does not meet during the summer months.  Mark your
calendars for their first fall meeting, September 9, 2009 at 7 p.m. at
the Allen County Public Library’s Main Library, 900 Library Plaza.
Fort Wayne, IN.

Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society, 302 East Berry, Ft. Wayne, IN

Saturday, July 11, 2009, 12:00-6:00 p.m. at Historic Fort Wayne, 1101
Spy Run Avenue, Fort Wayne, IN.  Event:

Driving Directions to the Library
Wondering how to get to the library?  Our location is 900 Library
Plaza, Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the block bordered on the south by
Washington Boulevard, the west by Ewing Street, the north by Wayne
Street, and the east by the Library Plaza, formerly Webster Street.
We would enjoy having you visit the Genealogy Center.

To get directions from your exact location to 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, Indiana, visit this link at MapQuest:

>From the South
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 102.  Drive east on Jefferson Boulevard
into downtown. Turn left on Ewing Street. The Library is one block
north, at Ewing Street and Washington Boulevard.

Using US 27:
US 27 turns into Lafayette Street. Drive north into downtown. Turn
left at Washington Boulevard and go five blocks. The Library will be
on the right.

>From the North
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 112.  Drive south on Coldwater Road, which
merges into Clinton Street.  Continue south on Clinton to Washington
Boulevard. Turn right on Washington and go three blocks. The Library
will be on the right.

>From the West
Using US 30:
Drive into town on US 30.  US 30 turns into Goshen Ave. which
dead-ends at West State Blvd.  Make an angled left turn onto West
State Blvd.  Turn right on Wells Street.  Go south on Wells to Wayne
Street.  Turn left on Wayne Street.  The Library will be in the second
block on the right.

Using US 24:
After crossing under Interstate 69, follow the same directions as from
the South.

>From the East
Follow US 30/then 930 into and through New Haven, under an overpass
into downtown Fort Wayne.  You will be on Washington Blvd. when you
get into downtown.  Library Plaza will be on the right.

Parking at the Library
At the Library, underground parking can be accessed from Wayne Street.
Other library parking lots are at Washington and Webster, and Wayne
and Webster. Hourly parking is $1 per hour with a $7 maximum. ACPL
library card holders may use their cards to validate the parking
ticket at the west end of the Great Hall of the Library. Out of county
residents may purchase a subscription card with proof of
identification and residence. The current fee for an Individual
Subscription Card is $70.

Public lots are located at the corner of Ewing and Wayne Streets ($1
each for the first two half-hours, $1 per hour after, with a $4 per
day maximum) and the corner of Jefferson Boulevard and Harrison Street
($3 per day).

Street (metered) parking on Ewing and Wayne Streets. On the street you
plug the meters 8am – 5pm, weekdays only.  It is free to park on the
street after 5pm and on the weekends.

Visitor center/Grand Wayne Center garage at Washington and Clinton
Streets. This is the Hilton Hotel parking lot that also serves as a
day parking garage.  For hourly parking, 7am – 11 pm, charges are .50
for the first 45 minutes, then $1.00 per hour.  There is a flat $2.00
fee between 5pm and 11pm.

Genealogy Center Queries
The Genealogy Center hopes you find this newsletter interesting.
Thank you for subscribing.  We cannot, however, answer personal
research emails written to the e-zine address.  The department houses
a Research Center that makes photocopies and conducts research for a

If you have a general question about our collection, or are interested
in the Research Center, please telephone the library and speak to a
librarian who will be glad to answer your general questions or send
you a research center form.  Our telephone number is 260-421-1225.  If
you’d like to email a general information question about the
department, please email: Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Publishing Note:
This electronic newsletter is published by the Allen County Public
Library's Genealogy Center, and is intended to enlighten readers about
genealogical research methods as well as inform them about the vast
resources of the Allen County Public Library.  We welcome the wide
distribution of this newsletter and encourage readers to forward it to
their friends and societies.  All precautions have been made to avoid
errors.  However, the publisher does not assume any liability to any
party for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions, no matter
the cause.

To subscribe to “Genealogy Gems,” simply use your browser to go to the
website:  www.GenealogyCenter.Info. Scroll down toward the bottom of
the first screen where it says, "Enter Your Email Address to Subscribe
to "Genealogy Gems."  Enter your email address in the yellow box and
click on "Subscribe." You will be notified with a confirmation email.

If you do not want to receive this e-zine, please follow the link at
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the subject line.

Steve Myers & Curt Witcher, co-editors
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