Genealogy Gems: News from the Fort Wayne Library, No. 76, June 30, 2010
From: Genealogy Gems (
Date: Wed, 30 Jun 2010 20:08:15 -0700 (PDT)
Genealogy Gems:  News from the Fort Wayne Library
No. 76, June 30, 2010

In this issue:
*Telling Our Stories . . . Many Opportunities
*The Postal and Post Office History of Indiana
*Ontario Archives Land Record Index
*Technology Tip of the Month--Further Adventures with Adobe Photoshop:
Using Color Channels to Correct Black and White Photos
*Preservation Tip of the Month--Caring for Photographs
*Preserve YOUR Story
*Genealogy @ Night
*Genealogy Center Mini-Course: Beyond the Basics
*Help Us Keep and Tell the Stories
*Librarians on Parade
*Area Calendar of Events
*Driving Directions to the Library
*Parking at the Library
*Queries for the Department

Telling Our Stories . . . Many Opportunities
by Curt B. Witcher
To know you have a story to tell--little can be more empowering; to
know you can tell your story--little can be more inviting; to actually
tell your story--little will be more valued by your children’s
children.  In many ways, telling our stories--the stories of our
families’ journeys through time, our families’ handling of triumphs
and disasters--is the reason we do genealogical research.  Yes, we
enjoy the quest and take pleasure in all the discoveries that reveal
who our forefathers and foremothers were, but in the end, it’s the
stories we pen and the stories we tell that complete the work of
discovering and preserving our heritage and history.

This month will present Allen County and surrounding area residents
with a unique story telling opportunity.  As mentioned in a previous
ezine, StoryCorps will be recording interviews the entire month of
July after the holiday weekend in downtown Fort Wayne, Indiana in
their mobile studio at the Allen County Public Library.  Show your
support for this national initiative to preserve America’s stories by
participating.  Participants not only get a copy of their recorded
stories, but in addition, their stories are preserved at the American
Folklife Center of the Library of Congress for future generations to
enjoy.  To date, more than thirty thousand interviews have been
collected and archived.  To include one of your family stories by
interviewing a relative, neighbor, colleague, or friend, contact NIPR
at <> and make a reservation.

Also this month, and detailed below in this ezine, the Genealogy
Center is offering a four-part series, “Preserving YOUR Story.” Make
plans to fit at least one of those programs into your schedule.  It’s
a great way to spend part of a summer evening, and there will still be
daylight left after each program for you to practice some of the
things you learned.  It’s a great complement to StoryCorps activities.
 Participants in the programs will receive a copy of the Genealogy
Center’s new handout of the same title, “Preserve YOUR Story.” This
handout provides good tips for conducting successful interviews.

The Fourth of July holiday is just a few days away.  And you guessed
it--it’s another opportunity to share stories!  There are many ways to
create these mid-year stories.  You might start a conversation at the
family picnic by asking each person to talk about the first time
he/she lived on his/her own away from home.  Prepare yourself to hear
some humorous anecdotes and perhaps a few enlightening ones as well.
Asking what freedom means to each of the assembled at your cookout or
campfire can start some great conversations and stories.  And, of
course, you can always talk about family members, those with us and
those departed, who have served this great country so that we all can
enjoy our freedom and independence.  It’s important just to seize the

Happy Fourth of July!

The Postal and Post Office History of Indiana
by Dawne Slater-Putt
Among the finding aids in the Genealogy Center for Indiana towns are
“The Postal History of Indiana” by J. David Baker (GC 977.2 B16p) and
“Indiana Post Offices” by V. A. Ross and Arthur R. Hadley (GC 977.2

Baker’s two-volume work is an extensive postal history for Indiana
from territorial days to the time of publication in 1976, including
information on routes, markings, rates, rural free delivery, stamps,
envelopes and mail services. One chapter covers the movement of
Indiana volunteer units during the Civil War and includes
illustrations of postal markings of several units. Baker’s study
includes illustrations of Indiana postmarks, covers and cancellations,
as well as photographs of some of the early Indianapolis postmasters.

Probably the most useful feature of “The Postal History of Indiana”
for genealogists is a “List of Post Offices and Postmasters,
1800-1890.” This list includes the post office name, dates of opening,
closure and change, county, names of postmasters and dates of
appointment. For example, the post office in Xenia in Miami County
opened 5 July 1854 and had thirteen postmasters before it was changed
to Converse 25 June 1892. A researcher looking for Xenia, which no
longer exists, would discover that the town name had changed. A
supplemental “List of Postmasters in Indiana, 1890-1970” provides the
date of appointment for each and is available on one sheet of
microfiche in Cabinet I, drawer 4.

The book by Ross and Hadley expands and corrects Baker’s list of post
offices. “Indiana Post Offices” includes for each location the name,
alternate spellings, county, official opening date and official
closing date if applicable. The list also indicates changes in name,
location or status.

The first and main section of “Indiana Post Offices” is an
alphabetical listing by the name of the post office. A second section
features Indiana counties listed alphabetically, showing the post
offices, historical and current, located within each. The last half of
the book includes several sections listing types of cancels used in
Indiana post offices and actual images of the cancels.

Statewide postal or post office histories are available in the
Genealogy Center for dozens of other states. In addition, the
collection includes many county-specific postal histories, as well as
Canadian postal histories. To find these volumes, search the online
catalog using the word “postal” as the subject.

Ontario Archives Land Record Index
by Cynthia Theusch
Land records are a great way to find out when and where your ancestor
settled in a particular area. The Ontario Archives Land Record Index,
on microfiche in the Genealogy Center (Cabinet H-1), lists more than
230,000 names of the original settlers on, or owners of, property in
the Province of Ontario. The Land Record Index provides access to
Crown Land records as well as some land-related materials of the
Canada Company and Peter Robinson settlers. The time period covered is
about 1780 to about 1920. Researchers should know that some settlers
never acquired ownership of the property involved, and that the index
does not include the names of those who subsequently purchased the
property from the original owner.

The Index is presented in two series. The first is an alphabetical
listing by name of the settler or “locatee,” and the second is a
listing by township or town. Information provided includes the name of
the person involved, current residence, township, lot and concession,
type of property transaction, issue date, type of free grant or lease
sale, and a reference source for the original record. Researchers will
need to check all spelling variations of names. The Ontario Archives
has a research guide available online that will help you interpret the
codes and understand the information provided in the index.

The following two examples show the information provided for a land
purchase and a lease identified in the name index.
1)  Saml C. Kenney, residence not given, land in Trafalgar Township,
SE ½ Lot 13, Concession 2NDS, Date ID 5 (sale), issued 27 October 1831
transaction type sale, Clergy Reserve, Record Group 01, Series C1113,
Volume 001, page 057.
2)  John Woodrow, Sr., residence King Township, land in King Township,
Lot 24, Concession 2, Date ID 8 (Order-in-Council awarding him the
right to reside on Crown land), issued 26 May 1836, transaction type
lease, Clergy Reserve, Record Group 01, Series C13, volume 152, page

The township index is useful for identifying the neighbors of an
ancestor and occasionally for learning more about that ancestor as
well. For example, the township index for Trafalgar indicates that the
same parcel of land offered to Saml C. Kenney (noted above) was
offered by assignment just ten years later on 14 May 1841 to Evan E.

Information from the type of transaction will indicate other land
records you may wish to research. A free grant points to the Crown
land records, lease and sale transactions generally indicate records
of the Canada Company, and assignment indicates that this person is
not the first grantee offered a particular piece of land (as in the
example above). If your ancestor received a free grant, various
regulations and administrative fees created additional records worth
exploring, some involving United Empire Loyalists, their children, or
those who had served in the military or militia.

Technology Tip of the Month--Further Adventures with Adobe Photoshop:
Using Color Channels to Correct Black and White Photos
by Kay Spears
This is a little trick I picked up from Katrin Eismann’s book
“Photoshop Restoration & Retouching.” Whether scanning black & white,
sepia or color photographs, I always scan and save using the highest
color setting the scanner allows.

Why do I save my black and white images as color? One reason is that
they have more depth when viewed. Another reason is I can use the
Color Channels tool to correct some problems that may arise with black
and white photographs. One of those problems may be a close encounter
with a child who had a pencil or pen in their hand. Or there may be
dust, specks, or dirt of unknown origin on the surface of the
photograph. For this lesson, let’s imagine a child and pen have left a
scribble on the photo.

Open the scanned photograph in Photoshop, making sure the Layers
Palette is selected. Click the Channels tab on the Layers Palette.
This is the Color (RGB) Channels palette, and there will be four
channels: RGB, Red, Green, and Blue.

Next, view the photograph on each channel (except the RGB channel) by
clicking on them one at a time. Click on the channel itself, not the
eye. As you click on each channel, watch your photograph change. The
image should look better on one channel than the other two – the
scribble will appear very light or will have disappeared. That is the
channel you are going to use. With the best channel selected, go to
Image>Mode>Grayscale and click. A dialog box will ask “Discard other
Channels?” Click OK. Now you will have only a “Gray” channel.

Once this is done, you can continue to tweak the photograph in
whatever manner needed. If you want to add a sepia tone or color back
in when you are finished tweaking, go to Image>Mode>RGB Color and
click. When you do this, the photograph will once again be in color
mode and ready to have color added; however, there shouldn’t be any
scribble on it.

Next: Further Adventures with Adobe Photoshop, Photomerge Tool

Preservation Tip of the Month--Caring for Photographs
by Becky Schipper
Photographs capture not only happy memories but our family histories
as well. Often they are the first thing that we think of saving during
a disaster such as fire or flood.

But it does not necessarily take an act of nature to damage
photographs. Many times our own negligence causes the damage.
Incorrect storage and display of the items can lead to fading and
deterioration over time. The greatest threat is exposure to direct
sunlight. To reduce the threat of overexposure, always frame your
photographs with glass or Plexiglas that has a layer of UV protection.
Select walls or tabletops that are not in direct sunlight to display
your photos.

Photos in albums that date from the late 1960s through the 1980s may
suffer damage because the paper and adhesives used were highly acidic.
Albums that were used a century ago are more archivally sound. They
usually contained cotton rag paper and used photo corners for
attachment. There are numerous companies that provide archival albums,
storage boxes, paper, and framing materials.  Appropriate supplies may
be purchased from the following companies.
1. Light Impressions --
2. Archival Products --            
3. Hollinger Metal Edge --

Preserve YOUR Story
The Genealogy Center will offer the following lectures on preserving
personal, family and community history to supplement NIPR's activities
during StoryCorps' visit to northeast Indiana. <>
 All of the programs will be at the Allen County Public Library's Main
Library at 900 Library Plaza, Fort Wayne, IN, 2PM - 3PM in Meeting
Room A.

Basics of Scanning
by Kay Spears
This lecture will cover the essentials of organizing, scanning, and
storing family (or other) photographs digitally, as well as provide
suggestions on the equipment you may need. (Basic computer knowledge
is helpful in getting the most from this presentation.)
Wednesday, July 7, 2010

Preserving Your Family History
by Rebecca Schipper
Discover how to care for and store documents, photos, books, textiles
and other precious family treasures.
Tuesday, July 13, 2010

"Cataloging" 3-D Items & Heirlooms
Dawne Slater-Putt
Many of the objects in our homes are heirlooms - they were passed down
to us from someone else. Others have a story or an anecdote associated
with them that have become part of our family's oral history. As
genealogists, we organize our paper files, but when we are gone who
will know that the sugar bowl in the cupboard belonged to Great
Grandma Mattie, or which child made the clay handprint in
kindergarten? And who will know why a particular wine cork was saved?
This talk will discuss ways of recording information about
three-dimensional objects so that future generations can enjoy not
just the objects, but the history and special stories that go along
with them.
Monday, July 19, 2010

Being Creative with Your Family History
Cynthia Theusch
You've spent a lot of time gathering information about your ancestors,
but you're not quite ready to write the family genealogy book. This
program will highlight a variety of creative ways to present your
family history and gift ideas for family members.
Thursday, July 29, 2010

Please register via email to Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info or by phone at 

Genealogy @ Night
Our summer series continues on Tuesday, July 20, at 6:30 p.m. when
John Beatty will present "Researching Indiana Court Records” in
Meeting Room A of the Main Library. This session will examine the
various types of documents of genealogical value created by Indiana's
courts over the last two hundred years, with many examples and tips on
accessing and interpreting these records. The series will continue
August 17, when Dawne Slater-Putt presents "Cataloging 3-D Items &
Heirlooms." Look for more information at our Website and register via email to
Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info or by phone at 260-421-1225. Plan to visit us in
the evenings this summer!

Genealogy Center Mini-Course: Beyond the Basics
The popular mini-course, "Family History: Beyond the Basics," will be
offered September 17 & 18, 2010.  Instructors Margery Graham, CG and
Steve Myers, MLS will share their knowledge as well as guide tours of
the Genealogy Center and provide assisted research and personal
consultations. "Family History: Beyond the Basics" will cover the
following topics.

Day One:

Session 1: Problem Solving: Breaking through Brick Walls in Your
Research - Every
family historian eventually encounters obstacles in their research
that seem insurmountable. Learn some basic strategies for tackling
these so-called "brick walls" that can lead you to genealogical

Session 2: Probate Records - Learn how to find and use wills,
administrations and guardianships, as well as the other "goodies"
contained in probate records.

Session 3: Land Records and Tax Lists - Learn the basics of land
descriptions and how deed and land grant records, as well as
associated tax lists, can all help advance your research.

Day Two:

Session 4: Military Records - Following an overview of military record
sources, learn the basics of researching ancestors who served in the
American Civil War (1861-1865) and in the American Revolutionary War

Session 5: Church Records - Learn how to identify, locate and use
these important sources of early birth, marriage and death information
for a time period that pre-dates government registration of so-called
"vital records."

Session 6: Tracing Your Ancestors Across the Atlantic - Learn how to
find and use the many sources that bear on this crucial research step.
Naturalization records, passenger lists, European emigration records
and other sources will be discussed.

This course will be in Room BC of the Main Library, 900 Library Plaza,
Fort Wayne, Indiana. The registration fee for the "Family History:
Beyond the Basics" mini-course is $50. Checks should be made payable
to "ACPL Foundation" and mailed to: Genealogy Center, Allen County
Public Library, P.O. Box 2270, Fort Wayne, IN 46801-2270. Mini-course
attendance will be limited, so register early to avoid disappointment.
Additional information and a workshop schedule will be posted soon on
our Web site at

Help Us Keep and Tell Our Stories
by Curt B. Witcher
To acquire, process, maintain, and provide access to hundreds of
thousands of records, documents, and publications is a significant
undertaking in any economic climate.  In today’s economic climate, the
challenge is even greater as traditional tax-based funding sources are
decreasing dramatically.  Help us keep and make available the records
that both document our heritage and assist with our stories by
supporting the Genealogy Center Endowment Fund.  One hundred percent
of the money donated to this endowment supports the collections and
activities of the Genealogy Center.  And it’s easy to contribute.  Go
to <www.ACPL.Info>, click on the “Support Your Library. . .” link in
the bottom right corner, then click on “Donate to the ACPL
Foundation,” and fill out the secure form, choosing “Genealogy Center”
from the list of giving options.  If you prefer a more traditional
payment method, checks to the ACPLF--Genealogy Endowment can be sent
to Allen County Public Library, P. O. Box 2270, Ft. Wayne, IN
4680-2270.  Thank you for helping us provide the best for you.

Librarians on Parade in June 2010
Curt Witcher
July 28-30, 2010, Conference on Family History and Genealogy, Brigham
Young University, BYU Conference Center, Provo, UT. Presentations:
“This I Believe: The Urgent Need to Record Living History,”
“Preserving Your Family History: A Practical Mini-Course” (Parts  1 &
2), and “The Papers Before the Records: Exploring Old Northwest
Territory Sources.”

August 18-21, 2010, Federation of Genealogical Societies annual
conference, Knoxville, TN. Presentations: “SOS! SOS! Saving Our
Societies: Answering Our Distress Beacons,” “The Dollars and Cents of
Fundraising,” “Being a Leader in Your Society: Tactics and
Techniques,” and “Marching On: The Allen County Public Library’s ‘Our
Military Heritage” Project.”

John Beatty
July 20, 2010, Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, IN, Meeting Room A, 6:30 p.m. Presentation: “Researching
Indiana Court Records”

Dawne Slater-Putt
July 19, 2010, Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, IN, Meeting Room A, 2 p.m. Presentation: "’Cataloging’ 3-D
Items & Heirlooms”

Cynthia Theusch
July 12, 2010, Wabash Valley Genealogy Society, Vigo County Public
Library, Terre Haute, IN, 6:30 p.m. Presentation: "Civilian
Conservation Corps” and “Works Project Administration"

July 29, 2010, Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, IN, Meeting Room A, 2 p.m. Presentation: “Being Creative with
Your Family History”

Area Calendar of Events
Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana (ACGSI)
Next meeting--September 8, 2010

Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society, 302 East Berry, Ft. Wayne, IN
Lecture series will resume in the fall.

Driving Directions to the Library
Wondering how to get to the library?  Our location is 900 Library
Plaza, Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the block bordered on the south by
Washington Boulevard, the west by Ewing Street, the north by Wayne
Street, and the east by the Library Plaza, formerly Webster Street.
We would enjoy having you visit the Genealogy Center.

To get directions from your exact location to 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, Indiana, visit this link at MapQuest:

>From the South
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 102.  Drive east on Jefferson Boulevard
into downtown. Turn left on Ewing Street. The Library is one block
north, at Ewing Street and Washington Boulevard.

Using US 27:
US 27 turns into Lafayette Street. Drive north into downtown. Turn
left at Washington Boulevard and go five blocks. The Library will be
on the right.

>From the North
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 112.  Drive south on Coldwater Road, which
merges into Clinton Street.  Continue south on Clinton to Washington
Boulevard. Turn right on Washington and go three blocks. The Library
will be on the right.

>From the West
Using US 30:
Drive into town on US 30.  US 30 turns into Goshen Ave. which
dead-ends at West State Blvd.  Make an angled left turn onto West
State Blvd.  Turn right on Wells Street.  Go south on Wells to Wayne
Street.  Turn left on Wayne Street.  The Library will be in the second
block on the right.

Using US 24:
After crossing under Interstate 69, follow the same directions as from
the South.

>From the East
Follow US 30/then 930 into and through New Haven, under an overpass
into downtown Fort Wayne.  You will be on Washington Blvd. when you
get into downtown.  Library Plaza will be on the right.

Parking at the Library
At the Library, underground parking can be accessed from Wayne Street.
Other library parking lots are at Washington and Webster, and Wayne
and Webster. Hourly parking is $1 per hour with a $7 maximum. ACPL
library card holders may use their cards to validate the parking
ticket at the west end of the Great Hall of the Library. Out of county
residents may purchase a subscription card with proof of
identification and residence. The current fee for an Individual
Subscription Card is $70.

Public lots are located at the corner of Ewing and Wayne Streets ($1
each for the first two half-hours, $1 per hour after, with a $4 per
day maximum) and the corner of Jefferson Boulevard and Harrison Street
($3 per day).

Street (metered) parking on Ewing and Wayne Streets. On the street you
plug the meters 8am – 5pm, weekdays only.  It is free to park on the
street after 5pm and on the weekends.

Visitor center/Grand Wayne Center garage at Washington and Clinton
Streets. This is the Hilton Hotel parking lot that also serves as a
day parking garage.  For hourly parking, 7am – 11 pm, charges are .50
for the first 45 minutes, then $1.00 per hour.  There is a flat $2.00
fee between 5pm and 11pm.

Genealogy Center Queries
The Genealogy Center hopes you find this newsletter interesting.
Thank you for subscribing.  We cannot, however, answer personal
research emails written to the e-zine address.  The department houses
a Research Center that makes photocopies and conducts research for a

If you have a general question about our collection, or are interested
in the Research Center, please telephone the library and speak to a
librarian who will be glad to answer your general questions or send
you a research center form.  Our telephone number is 260-421-1225.  If
you’d like to email a general information question about the
department, please email: Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Publishing Note:
This electronic newsletter is published by the Allen County Public
Library's Genealogy Center, and is intended to enlighten readers about
genealogical research methods as well as inform them about the vast
resources of the Allen County Public Library.  We welcome the wide
distribution of this newsletter and encourage readers to forward it to
their friends and societies.  All precautions have been made to avoid
errors.  However, the publisher does not assume any liability to any
party for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions, no matter
the cause.

To subscribe to “Genealogy Gems,” simply use your browser to go to the
website:  www.GenealogyCenter.Info. Scroll down toward the bottom of
the first screen where it says, "Enter Your Email Address to Subscribe
to "Genealogy Gems."  Enter your email address in the yellow box and
click on "Subscribe." You will be notified with a confirmation email.

If you do not want to receive this e-zine, please follow the link at
the very bottom of the issue of Genealogy Gems you just received or
send an email to kspears [at] with "unsubscribe e-zine" in
the subject line.

Steve Myers & Curt Witcher, co-editors
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