Genealogy Gems: News from the Fort Wayne Library, No. 78, August 31, 2010
From: Genealogy Gems (
Date: Tue, 31 Aug 2010 19:24:49 -0700 (PDT)
Genealogy Gems:  News from the Fort Wayne Library
No. 78, August 31, 2010

In this issue:
*Great Things a’ Happenin’--Summer and Fall!
*Publications of the Huguenot Society of London
*The Gerritsen Collection of Women’s History, 1543-1945
*Technology Tip of the Month--TIFF vs. JPEG
*Preservation Tip of the Month--Some Real Basics . . .
*Celebrate Family History Month 2010!
*Attention!  Military History Symposium!
*Start Sharin’ the News!
*Family History: Beyond the Basics Update
*Librarians on Parade
*Area Calendar of Events
*Driving Directions to the Library
*Parking at the Library
*Queries for The Genealogy Center

Great Things a’ Happenin’--Summer and Fall!
by Curt B. Witcher
I can’t begin to count all the individuals who exclaimed (or
lamented!) sometime this past month about how fast this summer has
gone by.  Though most all of the K-12 schools and colleges are back in
session, summer is not technically over until 11:09 p.m. on September
23rd!  Make the best of the next twenty-three days--there is so much
to do and explore.

This summer truly has been filled with amazing numbers of new records
appearing online, many accessible for free.  At the recent Federation
of Genealogical Societies’ conference in Knoxville, TN, FamilySearch
announced the release of 200 million new names on their beta site,
FamilySearch Records Search
<>.  Add to
that the 300 million names they released around the time of the
National Genealogical Society conference this spring and you have more
than half a billion new names with associated data available for
research.  Now there’s a treat to explore!

As a number of us have advised in recent years, FamilySearch is *the*
site to watch and interact with for the immediate future.  It has been
announced that there is a whole new look coming to the FamilySearch
websites that will integrate many of their extraordinary products and
services into one, easier to use, and more intuitive interface.  The
research wiki at FamilySearch
<> has really taken off.  It
contains an amazing amount of useful data and links contributed by
many hundreds of individuals worldwide.  More than forty thousand
articles are a part of that wiki--and it grows every day!

Many state and local archives are presenting new indices and larger
databases on their websites.  If you’re researching in a particular
geographic area and have not visited the USGenWeb site for that county
(or counties) or the public library websites for that region, you’re
potentially missing a tremendous amount of key data that may make a
big difference in your research. The march toward more online digital
data for little or no cost continues to enhance our record finding

In many areas of the country, this summer was among the hottest on
record.  If the oppressive heat kept you from your usual cemetery
canvassing, courthouse exploring, and other family history related
travel, September could be the perfect time to re-schedule those
activities.  September is also the best time to get those important
Family History Month activities of October scheduled.  New this year
in our Family History Month offerings are four Tuesdays of one-on-one
consultations.  And it’s not too early for you to schedule your
consultation.  Call 260-421-1225 or email Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info to claim
your spot.

Our third annual Military Symposium is scheduled for October 8th and
9th.  With the impending sesquicentennial commemorations for the War
Between the States starting in 2011, our focus this year is on the
Civil War.  We are grateful to the Allen County Genealogical Society
of Indiana for sponsoring this year’s symposium.  Our featured speaker
is Amy Johnson Crow, a certified genealogist from Columbus, OH who has
done much Civil War research and was the charter editor of the Ohio
Genealogical Society’s “Ohio Civil War Genealogy Journal.” The
symposium is described in more detail later in this e-zine.

You really need to make plans now to attend the exciting
end-of-October celebration we are calling “Start Sharing the News.”
The event will kick-off with a family style dinner, served by
Goeglein’s Catering, in the historic Baker Street Train Station on
Friday, October 29, 2010 at 5:30 p.m. After good food and great
conversation, I will be presenting a look back at how The Genealogy
Center became a national tourist attraction.  On Saturday, October
30th at the Main Library, several programs will be offered focusing on
some aspect of using technology to share historical and genealogical
data, and to help each other do better research. Twenty-first century
cemetery research, Flickr,, organizing and cataloging 3-D
items as well as being creative with your family history will all be
discussed.  The weekend will conclude with a tour of historic
Lindenwood Cemetery on Sunday morning.

Support the Genealogy Center and enhance your abilities and avenues
for sharing your genealogical data.  There are just thirty days to the
start of Family History Month!  Have you registered for our events?  I
look forward to seeing many of you throughout this month--and the

Publications of the Huguenot Society of London
by John D. Beatty
Many Americans can trace their ancestry to the so-called Huguenots –
Protestants who were persecuted and driven from France in the
seventeenth century during the reign of Louis XIV. Some of these
refugees settled in the Low Countries of northern Europe, some came to
America, and a significant number also fled to England and Ireland,
even before their formal expulsion in 1688. There they established
French-speaking congregations that were separate from the established
Church of England. Many of the parish registers of these congregations
have been transcribed and printed as part of a series published by the
Huguenot Society of London, more recently the Huguenot Society of
Great Britain and Ireland (942.006 H87pu and H87pua; many volumes are
not yet listed in our online catalog).

All of the volumes in the series reflect a high degree of scholarship.
In addition to the register transcriptions, they also often include
introductions that trace the history of the congregation. Some of
these churches included not only Huguenots, but other Flemish and
Dutch immigrants, known as Walloons, who settled in England after the
Reformation. For example, the first volume in the series, published in
1887-88 and titled “The Walloons and their Church at Norwich: Their
History and Registers, 1565-1832,” features a detailed history of the
congregation that discusses the strained relations Huguenots and
Walloons sometimes endured with the English Crown. In addition to the
record of baptisms and marriages, which is transcribed in the original
French, the volume contains a complete index. A lengthy appendix
includes transcriptions of letters, official orders, certificates, and
records of aliens (sometimes called “strangers”) in subsidy rolls and
local wills.

Other Huguenot and Walloon congregations in the series include
churches from the Channel Islands and Southampton, as well as London
(Threadneedle Street, Spitalfields, and Soho), Dublin, Cambridgeshire,
Bristol, Plymouth, and Leicester, among others. In addition to these
congregational records, the series also publishes other records of
“strangers,” including three volumes of denizations and
naturalizations for aliens in England and Ireland spanning from 1509
to 1800. Many persons of German birth, so-called Palatines, in
addition to French and Dutch, are included. Several more volumes are
devoted to lists or returns of aliens living in London from 1522 to
1625. One volume in the series lists foreign-born veterans from
William III’s regiments in Ireland, while another records inmates of
the French Protestant Hospital in London from 1718 to 1957. An
important and often overlooked volume pertaining to America is
“Naturalizations of Foreign Protestants in the American and West
Indian Colonies” (volume 24 of the series), which lists many Germans
living in eighteenth-century Pennsylvania.

The Publications of the Huguenot Society of London provide a rich
source of information especially useful for tracing persons of French
or Flemish birth in England and Ireland in the seventeenth and
eighteenth centuries. If you suspect you have Huguenot or Walloon
ancestry, these volumes are worth a closer look.

The Gerritsen Collection of Women’s History, 1543-1945
by Steven W. Myers
The Gerritsen Collection of Women’s History, 1543-1945, is one of the
single best sources for the study of women’s history, including the
suffragist movement and the evolution of feminism. Begun in the late
19th century by Dutch physician and feminist Aletta Jacobs and her
husband C.V. Gerritsen, the collection includes more than 4,700 books,
pamphlets and periodicals in 15 languages. The English language
portion of the collection is available on microfiche in The Genealogy
Center and features works representing both anti- and pro-feminist
viewpoints, as well as those presenting an “objective record of the
condition of women at a given time.” A printed “Bibliographic Guide to
the Microform Collection” (973 G321) includes useful subject indexes.

The Gerritsen Collection is not just a vital source for academics
studying women’s history, but also a mine for the local historian or
genealogist who wants to understand better the life of female
forebears or who finds a suffragette hiding in their family tree.
Among works covering every conceivable topic concerning the lives of
women, researchers will find numerous biographical collections and
sources on women’s clubs and organizations.

The “Annual Announcement of the Chicago’s Woman’s Club” dating from
1889, for example, includes an extensive list of its members with the
address of each. The “Connecticut State Federation of Women’s Clubs
Official Directory” for 1900 prints reports and rosters of officers
for dozens of clubs and includes photographs of prominent leaders. The
“Biennial Review of the Great Hive, Ladies of the Maccabees” in
Michigan includes reports, long lists of the commanders of local
“hives” and accounts of disciplinary actions against individual
members. Proceedings for conventions of national organizations such as
the “Woman’s Relief Corps” are also present. A special strength of the
collection is that complete or extensive runs of these periodical
sources are present. This increases the likelihood of finding your
ancestress mentioned, if she was active in these organizations.

In addition to the wealth of material for exploring the general
context of women’s lives, researchers may also discover sources
providing useful historical context specific to the time and place in
which their ancestors lived. The 1920 report on “Colored Women as
Industrial Workers in Philadelphia” is just one example. Researchers
with access to university library collections may be able to access
the entire collection online through a subscription offered only to

Technology Tip of the Month--TIFF vs. JPEG
by Kay Spears
First, a brief Adobe Photoshop wrap-up: Almost all the tools mentioned
in my previous Photoshop articles are also available in Adobe
Elements. Adobe Photoshop is part of Adobe Creative Suite and costs
about $600-$700. Adobe Elements is a scaled down, stand-alone product
and costs between $80 and $150.

Now, let’s turn to the differences between the file formats TIFF
(Tagged Image File Format) and JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts
Group). When I teach scanning, I am always surprised that some people
are still scanning and saving their family’s prized photographs as
JPEGs. If the purpose of scanning your family photos is to preserve
them, never save them as JPEGs!

A JPEG is a “lossy” compressed file. This means that every time you
save your image, part of that image is lost. In the beginning, you
probably won’t be able to detect the lost parts of the file, but
eventually you will notice deterioration of the scanned photograph.
These losses are often referred to as JPEG artifacts. “Jaggies” or
jagged edges in your photo can be another sign of image degradation.
Recently, I had to re-scan some of my own photographs – done before I
knew better – because of losses in the digital images. Don’t get me
wrong – there are uses for JPEGs. They are great for populating
websites or sending through e-mail, but they never should be used for
archiving, retouching or restoring. All of that work should be done on
a TIFF image. Later, you can convert it to a JPEG if needed. Also,
always work, retouch, and restore on a copy of the photo. Keep the
original photographic image stored safely away.

Let’s also dispel a JPEG myth. You can open a JPEG any number of times
and nothing will happen to it. The only time anything happens to a
JPEG is when you “Save” it. Saving automatically activates the
compression programming of a JPEG, and that is when pixels are
eliminated. If you put a JPEG on a CD, DVD or flash drive and never
touch that image, you will not lose any of it. However, if you are
scanning an image and save it as a JPEG, you have lost part of it
already. So, if you are scanning family photographs for preservation
purposes, start by using the correct file extension when saving your
scans. The best file extension at this time is still a TIFF.

It is important to mention that most digital cameras save their images
as JPEGs. So, if you have an image shot with a digital camera and you
want to save it without eventual JPEG artifacts showing up, I suggest
changing it to a TIFF for archiving purposes. TIFFs will use a lot of
memory, but get into the habit of taking those images off your
computer hard drive and putting them on another storage device, such
as a CD or flash drive – and keep backups. Eventually, there will be
other ways to save and archive photos, but for now a TIFF is the only
recommended way to do so.

Next month:  Inserting photographs into Microsoft Word documents.

Preservation Tip of the Month--Some Real Basics . . .
by Curt B. Witcher
While there are complex preservation and conservation processes and
practices available if you are interested in making major repairs or
displaying artifacts for significant periods of time, sometimes it is
good to review very basic preservation techniques.  It is often the
simple things, when done together and applied consistently, that make
all the difference for the average person.

When preserving any item, one very basic step is to ensure that it is
clean and remains in a clean environment (drawer, folder, box, etc.).
When cleaning a document, use a “progressive approach.”  First, gently
shake off any loose particles of dirt.  Next, use a soft,
long-bristled brush to gently remove other particles that are very
loosely adhered to the surface of the document.  For more strongly
adhered particles, you can use dry cleaning pads (which have nothing
to do with the dry cleaning we give our good clothes!).  These pads
are actually small bags of art gum eraser bits.  You squeeze or bump
the particles onto the document--never actually rub the pad.  Then
gently rub the eraser bits over the affected area with two fingers,
brushing them off the document when they get dark from the dirt they
have picked up.  Soft “Magic Rub Erasers” are a last resort for very
dirty documents and must be applied with tremendous care.

Future preservation tips will explain how to use both dry cleaning
pads and erasers in more detail.  For now, remember that the more
brittle the document, the less of these progressively harsh measures
you can apply without damaging the document.

It is also good to remember the following basics.
*When it comes to documents, water is not your friend. You don’t want
your documents in a place of high humidity and you definitely do not
want them in an area prone to leaks or flooding.
*Light is good for viewing, but not much else.  Protect your documents
from the sun and other unfiltered light sources.  Bring out
photographs and documents at family gatherings and celebrations--but
keep them stored in a dark, dry place the rest of the time.
*The next best thing to a perfect storage environment is a stable
storage environment--stable in terms of temperature and humidity.  A
centrally located room or closet in your house is the best bet because
its temperature and humidity are less susceptible to fluctuations
present near exterior doors, windows, and walls.

Celebrate Family History Month 2010!
For several years, The Genealogy Center has offered a wide variety of
events in October to highlight the joys of genealogical research and
to share information about new sources and techniques. This year's
calendar is packed with abundant opportunities for research,
education, and just plain fun.

General Week, October 1st through 9th, will include the popular ACGSI
Beginning Genealogy Workshop, classes on land records and Footnote,
and end with our annual Military Symposium.

Preservation Week, October 10th through 16th, will include classes on
writing your family history, scanning photographs, and scrapbooking.

Technology Week, October 17th through 23rd, will include lectures on
FamilySearch, online immigration sources, and building a family
website, as well as an in-depth workshop on Adobe Elements.

And Dead Week, October 24th through 31st, will feature discussions on
death records and obituaries, a talk on the historic Lindenwood
Cemetery, a presentation by ARCH's Angie Quinn on Haunted Sites in
Fort Wayne, and end with our traditional Midnight Madness extended
research hours in The Genealogy Center.

Nestled in that last weekend will be our “Start Sharing the News!”
program described elsewhere in this e-zine. In addition, every Tuesday
afternoon you have the opportunity for a one-on-one consultation with
a Genealogy Center staff member who will assist you about solving some
of your hardest brickwall research problems. For more information,
check our website at Register via
email or call 260-421-1225. Mark your calendar and take advantage of
these great opportunities!

Attention!  Military History Symposium!
As part of Family History Month, the Allen County Genealogical Society
of Indiana and The Genealogy Center will present the third annual
Military Symposium on October 8th and 9th, featuring Amy Johnson Crow.
As the sesquicentennial of the Civil War approaches, special attention
is being paid to the soldiers who served in that conflict. Amy Johnson
Crow, CG, is a researcher, author, lecturer, and editor. She is the
webmaster for the Federation of Genealogical Societies, and is
currently pursuing a Master of Library and Information Science degree
at Kent State University.

An expert in Civil War research, Amy will present “The Last Full
Measure: Military Burials” on Friday from 4 p.m. to 5 p.m. On Saturday
she will present “Researching Your Civil War Ancestors Online” from
9:30 a.m. to 10:30 a.m., “State and Local Records for Civil War
Research” from 11 a.m. to 12 noon, “After Mustering Out: Researching
Civil War Veterans” from  1:30 p.m. to 2:30 p.m., and “For Benefit of
the Soldier: Civil War Fraternal Organizations” from 3 p.m. to 4 p.m.
Curt Witcher will present “Using Military Records for Genealogical
Research” on Friday from 2:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.

The Symposium will be in Meeting Room AB of the Allen County Public
Library, 900 Library Plaza, Fort Wayne, IN. Cost for both days is $25.
Class descriptions and registration forms are available online at or by calling
260-421-1225 for more information. Space is limited, so sign up today!
Take advantage of this opportunity to hear these knowledgeable
speakers and to discover the resources available at The Genealogy
Center, online, and in other repositories for fully researching your
Civil War ancestor.

Start Sharin’ the News!
Finishing up Family History Month is a unique seminar focused on
gathering and recording the wealth of information found in cemetery
records. “Start Sharing the News! A Celebration of Collaboration,”
will begin on Friday October 29th with a Welcoming Dinner at the
historic Baker Street Station from 5:30 p.m. to 8 p.m. The Genealogy
Center's Curt Witcher will present "How the Genealogy Center in Fort
Wayne Became a National Tourist Attraction."

The seminar continues Saturday October 30th at the Allen County Public
Library from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., in Meeting Rooms AB. During the first
session, "Cemetery Seekers Presentation: Sharing Your Cemetery
Research," Jim Cox and Penny North will share their "tricks of the
trade" for reading and documenting cemeteries.  From 11 a.m. to 12
noon, select one of two concurrent sessions: "Flickr for
Genealogists," presented by Sara Patalita, or "Relating through," by Cynthia Theusch. At 12:30 p.m., bring your brown-bag
lunch (or visit a nearby restaurant for carry out) and enjoy an
opportunity to relax and ask questions about research that has you
stumped or puzzled. Later in the afternoon, select from two more
concurrent sessions: "Being Creative with Your Family History Online"
presented by The Genealogy Center Staff, or "Cataloging 3-D Items and
Heirlooms” by Dawne Slater-Putt. The day ends with individual research
consultations available in The Genealogy Center.

The seminar concludes on Sunday October 31st with a tour of historic
Lindenwood Cemetery from 9:45 a.m. to 11:45 a.m. During this walking
tour, you will get to see examples of some of the earliest graves and
tombstones in the area.  The tour will include the grave sites of
prominent individuals as well as examples of amazing tombstone
iconography. The fee for the entire event is $25. Register early to
take advantage of this opportunity. For more information and
registration, see

Family History: Beyond the Basics Update
Family History: Beyond the Basics, scheduled for Friday and Saturday
September 17-18, 2010, is filled to overflowing. We are not accepting
any more reservations at this time. This popular mini-course will be
offered again next year. Watch our website to keep informed
about all of our courses, symposiums and classes.

Librarians on Parade in June 2010
Curt Witcher
September 8, 2010, Allen County Genealogical Society, Allen County
Public Library, 900 Library Plaza, 6:30 p.m. refreshments, 7 p.m.
program. Presentation: “What’s New . . . In Online Resources at the
Genealogy Center.”

September 18, 2010, Florida Genealogical Society (Tampa) Fall Seminar,
University of South Florida, Marshall Student Center, Room 2708, all
day seminar. Presentations: “Using Military Records for Genealogical
Research,” “Using Church Records in Your Genealogical Research,”
“Doing Effective Genealogical Research in Libraries,” and “Mining the
Motherlode: Using Periodical Literature for Genealogical Research.

September 25, 2010, Elwood Pipecreek Genealogy Society, Family Life
Center, 2535 Main Street, Elwood, IN, 8:30 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Presentations:  “Using Military Records for Genealogical Research,”
“An Ancestor’s Death-A Time for Reaping,” and “Historical Research

Area Calendar of Events
Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana (ACGSI)
September 8, 2010--Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza,
Fort Wayne, Indiana. 6:30 p.m. refreshments, 7 p.m. program.  Curt
Witcher will present “What’s New . . . In Online Resources at the
Genealogy Center.”

Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society, 302 East Berry, Ft. Wayne, IN
September 19, 2010, 2 p.m.--Bill Derbyshire will present “50 Years of
the Wildcat Baseball League."

Driving Directions to the Library
Wondering how to get to the library?  Our location is 900 Library
Plaza, Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the block bordered on the south by
Washington Boulevard, the west by Ewing Street, the north by Wayne
Street, and the east by the Library Plaza, formerly Webster Street.
We would enjoy having you visit the Genealogy Center.

To get directions from your exact location to 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, Indiana, visit this link at MapQuest:

>From the South
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 102.  Drive east on Jefferson Boulevard
into downtown. Turn left on Ewing Street. The Library is one block
north, at Ewing Street and Washington Boulevard.

Using US 27:
US 27 turns into Lafayette Street. Drive north into downtown. Turn
left at Washington Boulevard and go five blocks. The Library will be
on the right.

>From the North
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 112.  Drive south on Coldwater Road, which
merges into Clinton Street.  Continue south on Clinton to Washington
Boulevard. Turn right on Washington and go three blocks. The Library
will be on the right.

>From the West
Using US 30:
Drive into town on US 30.  US 30 turns into Goshen Ave. which
dead-ends at West State Blvd.  Make an angled left turn onto West
State Blvd.  Turn right on Wells Street.  Go south on Wells to Wayne
Street.  Turn left on Wayne Street.  The Library will be in the second
block on the right.

Using US 24:
After crossing under Interstate 69, follow the same directions as from
the South.

>From the East
Follow US 30/then 930 into and through New Haven, under an overpass
into downtown Fort Wayne.  You will be on Washington Blvd. when you
get into downtown.  Library Plaza will be on the right.

Parking at the Library
At the Library, underground parking can be accessed from Wayne Street.
Other library parking lots are at Washington and Webster, and Wayne
and Webster. Hourly parking is $1 per hour with a $7 maximum. ACPL
library card holders may use their cards to validate the parking
ticket at the west end of the Great Hall of the Library. Out of county
residents may purchase a subscription card with proof of
identification and residence. The current fee for an Individual
Subscription Card is $70.

Public lots are located at the corner of Ewing and Wayne Streets ($1
each for the first two half-hours, $1 per hour after, with a $4 per
day maximum) and the corner of Jefferson Boulevard and Harrison Street
($3 per day).

Street (metered) parking on Ewing and Wayne Streets. On the street you
plug the meters 8am – 5pm, weekdays only.  It is free to park on the
street after 5pm and on the weekends.

Visitor center/Grand Wayne Center garage at Washington and Clinton
Streets. This is the Hilton Hotel parking lot that also serves as a
day parking garage.  For hourly parking, 7am – 11 pm, charges are .50
for the first 45 minutes, then $1.00 per hour.  There is a flat $2.00
fee between 5pm and 11pm.

Genealogy Center Queries
The Genealogy Center hopes you find this newsletter interesting.
Thank you for subscribing.  We cannot, however, answer personal
research emails written to the e-zine address.  The department houses
a Research Center that makes photocopies and conducts research for a

If you have a general question about our collection, or are interested
in the Research Center, please telephone the library and speak to a
librarian who will be glad to answer your general questions or send
you a research center form.  Our telephone number is 260-421-1225.  If
you’d like to email a general information question about the
department, please email: Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Publishing Note:
This electronic newsletter is published by the Allen County Public
Library's Genealogy Center, and is intended to enlighten readers about
genealogical research methods as well as inform them about the vast
resources of the Allen County Public Library.  We welcome the wide
distribution of this newsletter and encourage readers to forward it to
their friends and societies.  All precautions have been made to avoid
errors.  However, the publisher does not assume any liability to any
party for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions, no matter
the cause.

To subscribe to “Genealogy Gems,” simply use your browser to go to the
website:  www.GenealogyCenter.Info. Scroll down toward the bottom of
the first screen where it says, "Enter Your Email Address to Subscribe
to "Genealogy Gems."  Enter your email address in the yellow box and
click on "Subscribe." You will be notified with a confirmation email.

If you do not want to receive this e-zine, please follow the link at
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the subject line.

Steve Myers & Curt Witcher, co-editors
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