Genealogy Gems: News from the Fort Wayne Library No. 85, March 31, 2011
From: Genealogy Gems (
Date: Thu, 31 Mar 2011 18:15:47 -0700 (PDT)
Genealogy Gems:  News from the Fort Wayne Library
No. 85, March 31, 2011

In this issue:
*Learning & Networking Opportunities Abound
*New England Captives Carried To Canada
*Pennsylvania Tax Records
*Technology Tip of the Month--Remembering Margins
*Quick-Tip of the Month for Preservation--Scan and Share
*Getting Started in Family History & Genealogy Research
*Create Your Own Story @ The Genealogy Center
*Down to the Fine Print: Exploring The Genealogy Center
*German Genealogy: A Two Day Mini-Course
*Out and About
*Area Calendar of Events
*Driving Directions to the Library
*Parking at the Library
*Queries for The Genealogy Center

Learning & Networking Opportunities Abound
by Curt B. Witcher
The spring of the year brings nearly limitless possibilities for
enhancing our research skills and networking with other genealogists.
In addition, spring is a great time to plan for many of the research
and educational opportunities you want to take advantage of in the
later in the year.

The week’s worth of March Madness programs we offered this past month
will be complemented by a week’s worth of programs in both April and
May this year. Described later in this ezine, both “Create Your Own
Story @ The Genealogy Center” and “Down to the Fine Print” have many
unique offerings that will help you to better script and tell your
family stories, as well as to more effectively use the vast resources
of The Genealogy Center.

As you get this ezine, the first day of the Ohio Genealogical Society
Conference in Columbus, OH will be in the books. For those who are
close, I am sure you would find the remaining two days of that
conference filled with useful presentations by knowledgeable
genealogists. See what you’re missing at
<> Two weeks from now, the Indiana
Genealogical Society will be holding their 2011 Annual Meeting and
conference in the Sterrett Center at Ft. Benjamin Harrison on the
northeast side of Indianapolis. The featured speaker for this event is
Diane VanSkiver Gagel, an extremely informative and engaging speaker.
More details about this event, including topics, can be found at:

The National Genealogical Society is presenting four days of lectures
and seminars in Charleston, SC from May 11-14, 2011. More than two
hundred sessions at this event will provide anyone even mildly
interested in family history with a true genealogy playground. The
Genealogy Center in Fort Wayne, IN will be offering a new German
genealogy mini-course in June. The Federation of Genealogical
Societies’ will have their 2011 conference September 7-10, 2011 in
Springfield, IL, serving up yet another wonderland of genealogical
offerings for the family history enthusiast with hundreds of programs.
Then, October 20-22, 2011, back in Fort Wayne, IN, the Allen County
Public Library Genealogy Center and the African American Genealogical
Society of Fort Wayne are hosting the 2011 National Black Genealogy
Summit. It will be an amazing three days of programs for those
interested in tracing their African American family history and

So you might be asking, why the line-up of programs in this month’s
ezine? It’s simple--I want to take this opportunity to emphasize that
while there are increasing numbers of historical and genealogical
indices, records, and images on the web, it is still critically
important to take advantage of learning and networking opportunities.
No matter how long we have been doing research, there are still things
we can learn by listening to and networking with fellow researchers
who might have different, and possibly better, approaches to
particular research challenges than we do. In my humble opinion, the
quest to increase one’s knowledge and network with other genealogists
separates the genealogical researchers from the genealogical “stuff
gatherers.” I think we’d all rather be researchers!

New England Captives Carried To Canada
by Cynthia Theusch
Conflicts with Indian tribes native to New England made life for
colonial settlers a sometimes hazardous affair. During times of high
tension or open hostilities, men moved their families to a nearby
fort, if available, and took turns going to work in the fields. But
otherwise settlers remained vulnerable when at home on their farms and
many fell victim to Indian attacks. The historical annals of many New
England towns list the names and relate the stories of those who were
killed, captured, and ransomed, or who managed to escape.

Curious about the ultimate fate of those who never returned, two
women, C. Alice Baker and Emma Lewis Coleman, decided to trace the
unredeemed captives. Drawing on published histories and eyewitness
accounts – some related by the captives themselves – the pair made
several trips to Quebec to search archives and parish registers for
evidence of the missing. They discovered that some captives were
baptized, given new names, married and stayed in Quebec, while others
were sent to France. Three volumes contain the fruits of their
investigations and should be of interest to anyone with colonial New
England roots. Baker’s “True Stories of New England Captives Carried
to Canada During the Old French and Indian Wars” (974 B17ta) was
published in 1897 and is now available in a reprint edition with an
added every name index. Coleman’s indexed volumes, “New England
Captives Carried to Canada Between 1677 and 1760 During the French and
Indian Wars,” (974 C67n) appeared in 1925.

These books are filled with harrowing accounts of those who suffered.
Coleman relates the story of Ebenezer and Mary (Harnden) Preble who
lived at George Town in Maine between Day’s and Sagadahook Ferries. On
the 8th of June 1758, Ebenezer was surprised in his field by four
Indians and shot dead. His wife died defending the house, and their
six children along with two young servants, Sarah Fling and Simon
Gurdy, were taken captive. Rescuers found that the youngest child,
William, and the servant boy had been killed shortly after capture.
The others were taken to Quebec and sold to the French. One daughter,
Mehitable, was later found to have been taken to France. Daughters
Rebecca and Mary were recovered in 1759 and sons Samuel and Ebenezer
in 1761. Their grandfather, yeoman Jonathan Preble, poor and infirm,
had exhausted his resources and personally journeyed to Canada in his
efforts to recover them.

Besides vivid tales of captivity, these accounts contain useful
genealogical information. For example, Ebenezer Preble was born in
1725 and was third in descent from Abraham of Scituate and York. His
father, Jonathan, came from York to Arrowsic in 1716. Ebenezer’s wife,
Mary, was the daughter of Captain Samuel Harnden.

*      Donating to The Genealogy Center       *
*      Endowment Fund Insures Future          *
*      Records and Acquisitions. Online or     *
*      Postal Mail--Your Choice!                    *

Pennsylvania Tax Records
by Dawne Slater-Putt
What one type of record may reveal how much land an ancestor owned,
how many horses and cows he had, his marital status, race, township of
residence, children’s names (if he was unable to afford their
schooling), and even how many dogs he owned? These and other
interesting bits of information may be found in tax records!

The Genealogy Center has more than 560 reels of microfilmed tax
records for Pennsylvania, covering periods from the late 1700s to the
mid-1800s for Bedford, Berks, Bradford, Bucks, Crawford, Erie,
Fayette, Lancaster, Northumberland, Snyder, Union, Washington and York
Counties. Most are filed together, alphabetically by county, under

The 1810-1811 tax record for East Bethlehem Township, Washington
County included a primary list of taxpayers, as well as tabulations of
single men, free Negroes, men with occupations that required an
additional tax, and names of children whose parents could not afford
their schooling. Individuals were arranged alphabetically in groups by
the first letter of their surname in most lists. David Wood owned 236
acres of land, eight horses and twelve head of cattle. His tax bill
was $24.08. The widow Catharine Woodfill paid 14 cents tax for two
cows. Nathan Hartley, single, paid 20 cents tax for his horse. James
Smith also had one horse, apparently of higher value, since his was
taxed at 30 cents. However, something happened before his tax came due
because the amount was stricken and the word “Dead” written near it.
Was it Smith or the horse that died?

Isaac Rothwell worked as a joiner. He paid a $1.00 tax on his trade,
in addition to $1.80 for 45 acres of land, 60 cents for three horses
and 14 cents for two cows. Samuel Young, a free Negro, paid 22 cents
for 11 acres of land, 50 cents for a distillery and 7 cents for one
cow. Samuel Perry, son of Ann Perry, widow, was one entry on the list
of children whose parents could not afford to pay for their education.

The 1814-1815 tax list for East Bethlehem Township included a section
labeled “Dogs” with the names of men owning dogs and the number of
dogs they had. A dog tax was part of the county assessment at that

Tax records can solve large genealogical problems, but they also can
provide rich details for bringing to life the day-to-day existence of
an ancestor.

Technology Tip of the Month--Remembering Margins
by Kay Spears
Eventually, most researchers compiling family histories will want to
put their work into a printed or electronic “book” for preservation
and sharing. Unfortunately, some treat the page like an artist’s
canvas, and try to fill nearly every inch of space without considering
margins. The presence of appropriate white space on the page improves
appearance and readability, even for works that are only distributed
in a digital format. In the case of printed works, it would be a shame
to see your hard work cut off in the trimming process or rendered
difficult to read by a tight binding, just because of inadequate

Following is a brief review to help you locate margin settings in a
variety of programs.

Microsoft Word 2003 and older
The default side margin setting in Word is 1.25 inches. We recommend a
margin of at least one inch for all books. The margin settings are
located under File>Page Setup>Margins. If the dialog box is not
displaying margins in inches, you can change the setting by going to
Tools>Options>General. Find the Measurement Units drop down box at the
bottom of the page, choose “Inches” and click OK.

Microsoft Word 2007/2010
Settings are located in the ribbon at Page Layout>Margin. The
following options are available: Normal (one inch), Narrow, Moderate,
Wide, Mirrored, Office Default 2003, and Custom Margins. The Office
Default 2003 option opens up the old margin dialog box.

Microsoft Publisher 2003 and older
The default margin is set at one inch. A word of warning – unlike
Word, there is no cursor that prevents you from going beyond your
margins. Your text is maintained inside a text box that can be
stretched or shrunk. If you want to change your margin settings in
Publisher go to Arrange>Layout Guides>Margin Guides. A couple of other
hints: if you use a professional printing company for publication,
make sure they are equipped to handle Microsoft Publisher; some are
not. Also, when using Publisher take advantage of the Guide lines that
can be pulled over from the ruler. Just place your cursor on the
ruler, hold the left click button down and drag. You should see a
green line. This guide comes in handy for keeping text boxes straight.
These green lines will not print.

Microsoft Publisher 2007/2010
A Margin drop down box is in the ribbon, under Page Design. Your
choices are Wide (one inch), Moderate (default 0.5), Narrow, None, and

Adobe InDesign
InDesign is similar to the old Adobe Pagemaker. When you open
InDesign, margins probably will be measured in “picas” or “p” instead
of “inches.” To change the scale to inches, first make sure that only
the InDesign application is open and not a document. Go to
Edit>Preferences>Unit & Increments and change to inches. InDesign’s
margin setting defaults to 0.5 inches, so this will need to be
changed. Go to: Layout>Margins and Columns and change Top, Bottom,
Inside, and Outside. As in Publisher, the cursor will not be stopped
by the margin; all the text work is done inside of a text box. Also,
as in Publisher, you may pull the guide lines from the ruler.

Adobe Illustrator
Normally, Illustrator is used for graphics, posters, flyers, etc. and
not for large manuscripts or text editing. However, if you want to do
something in Illustrator and you need a margin, here is a little trick
that will help. Go to View>Show Rulers. Now pull guide lines from the
rulers into the positions where you want to see margins to help you
frame your work.

Quick-Tip of the Month for Preservation--Scan and Share
by Dawne Slater-Putt
Perhaps the best way to preserve photographs is to ensure that the
ones you have are not the only copies in existence – scan and share!
With improved scanning technology, it takes very little time to scan a
photograph. Some libraries, including The Genealogy Center, have a
scanner that patrons can use. The Genealogy Center’s scanner allows
patrons to choose a file format (tif, jpg, etc.), scan their photos
and send the digital copies to their own email addresses.

Once photos are scanned, the possibilities for sharing them are
endless, ensuring that the images are preserved for future
generations. Consider the possibilities:
*Email them to relatives
*Upload them to an album in Facebook or to another social media or
photo sharing location
*Use a different ancestral photo as your Facebook profile picture each month
*Post them on a blog
*Upload them to a family website
*Print them and mail to relatives
*Include them in a print or online family newsletter
*Include them in a print or online local or state genealogical society
*Mass produce mugs, tee shirts, calendars, mouse pads … with ancestral
photos and give as gifts or give away/sell at family reunions
*Include them in a family history book
*Insert them into your genealogy computer program
*Upload them to’s family tree area
*Create a photobook using computer scrapbooking software

Scanning photos can seem like an overwhelming task. Prioritize!
Perhaps handle your oldest photos first, or those of your direct
ancestors. Or tackle one side of the family, then the other. By
scanning just a few photos at a time on a regular basis, you can make
significant progress in a short period of time.

Getting Started in Family History & Genealogy Research
The Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana is hosting a workshop
for beginning genealogists from 9 a.m. to 12 noon on Saturday, April
9, 2011, in Meeting Rooms B & C at the Main Library. Genealogist
Margery Graham will tell you how to begin your search into family
history including how to gather and organize your information. She
will inform you about basic research techniques and how to apply
proven methods to keep your search on track. The half-day seminar
finishes up with a tour of The Genealogy Center. Cost is $10. Space is
limited, so register early for this wonderful opportunity to learn
from the best. To register, visit the ACGSI website at or contact Linda Churchward at
260-459-7606 or lindachurchward [at]

Create Your Own Story @ The Genealogy Center
In keeping with the 2011 theme for National Library Week, and as first
advertised in last month’s “Genealogy Gems,” you have an opportunity
to learn how to “Create Your Own Story @ The Genealogy Center!” As
family historians, we know how important it is to tell our stories! So
we have organized a variety of presentations that will help you hone
your “storytelling” skills.

Storytelling, with Condra Ridley, April 11, 2011, 6:30-7:30 p.m.,
Globe Room. Learn the elements of a good story, why storytelling is
important, how to tell a good story, and listen to a couple of stories
as examples.

Scrapbooking Historical Photographs and Memorabilia, with Dawne
Slater-Putt, April 12, 2011, 6:30-7:30 p.m., Globe Room. How can boxes
of photographs and paper memorabilia inherited from three different
family members and covering a period of almost 100 years be merged
into a single, cohesive historical scrapbook? This session will
discuss considerations and methods for scrapbooking your historical
photos and memorabilia, including materials, organization and more.

Recording Family Histories for the Ages, with Erik Mollberg, April 13,
2011, 2:30-3:30 p.m., Globe Room.  This class will cover the very
basics of video production to help you record the best possible oral
history for your family that will be both viewable and understandable
for generations to come.

Writing Your Family Stories, with Curt Witcher, April 14, 2011,
6:30-7:30 p.m., Globe Room. Practical tips on how to write your family
story after you have collected the data.

Photo Restoration Using Adobe Photoshop, with Kay Spears, April 15,
2011, 2:30-3:30 p.m., Globe Room. Learn basic techniques for restoring
those old family photographs by using Adobe Photoshop.

Take advantage of these opportunities to be inspired to Create Your
Own Story @ your library. All classes are free, but please register by
calling 260-421-1225, or send an email to Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info. There's
no time like the present!

”Down to the Fine Print: Exploring The Genealogy Center”
We have planned discovery activities for the first week of May during
which you can explore The Genealogy Center, even taking a look behind
the scenes. Some events are repeated in hopes you’ll find several that
fit your schedule.

Sunday, May 1, Genealogy Center Tour, 1:00-2:00 p.m. -- Take a tour of
The Genealogy Center! Learn something new or be reminded of what
you've forgotten. Meet in The Genealogy Center Orientation area.

Monday, May 2, Website Tour, 2:00-3:00 p.m. -- Lost in the new
Genealogy Center website? Take a guided virtual tour through all of
the information awaiting your visit! Meeting Room C.

Tuesday, May 3, Catalog Tour, 2:00-3:45 p.m. -- How do I locate a
book? Where are the call numbers? How do I make a list? Find out all
this and more by taking a virtual tour of The Genealogy Center
catalog! Meeting Room C.

Wednesday, May 4, Genealogy Center Tour, 6:30-7:30 p.m. -- Take a tour
of The Genealogy Center! Learn something new or be reminded of what
you've forgotten. Meet in The Genealogy Center Orientation area.

Thursday, May 5, Processing, Scanning and Fine Materials Tour,
10:00-11:00 a.m. -- This behind-the-scenes tour will show where our
material is ordered, cataloged and processed for the collection, and
where material is scanned for easy access via the Internet, as well as
take a peek into the Fine Book Area. Meet in The Genealogy Center
Orientation area.

Friday, May 6, Catalog Tour, 10:00-11:45 a.m. -- How do I locate a
book? Where are the call numbers? How do I make a list? Find out all
this and more by taking a virtual tour of The Genealogy Center
catalog! Meeting Room A.

Saturday May 7, Genealogy Center Tour, 10:00-11:00 a.m. -- Take a tour
of The Genealogy Center! Learn something new or be reminded of what
you've forgotten. Meet in The Genealogy Center Orientation area.

Space is limited, so register early for these free tours by sending us
an email to Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info or by calling 260-421-1225.

German Genealogy: A Two Day Mini-Course
The Genealogy Center is pleased to offer a new two day mini-course,
German Genealogy, on June 9 & 10, 2011. Led by instructors John
Beatty, MA, MLS, and Steve Myers, MLS, this workshop is an excellent
introduction for researchers with little or no experience in German
records and covers basic sources and techniques that lead to success.
Classes will cover the following topics.

*”An Introduction to German Genealogical Research” - Identifying an
immigrant ancestor and their specific place of origin are the keys to
research in German records. Learn about North American sources for
finding these essential starting points.

*”Using German Church Records” - Learn how to locate, access, and
utilize German church records. Search strategies and examples will be

*”Advancing Your Research with the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI)” -
Learn how to plan a successful search, gather evidence, and record and
document what you find.

*”German Maps, Gazetteers & Other Important Printed Sources” - Learn
how to use maps and gazetteers to locate your ancestor's place of
origin and its associated record-keeping jurisdictions. Other
important German-language genealogical publications will also be

*”Swiss Genealogical Records” - Learn how to begin your Swiss
research, find American sources for Swiss immigrants, utilize Swiss
biographical and heraldic sources, and locate and interpret Swiss
church records.

*”Palatines Along the Hudson: Researching 18th Century Settlers on
Livingston Manor” - Learn about sources available to genealogists
tracing ancestors on this important New York manor, including
surviving manuscript collections such as the Robert R. Livingston

Additionally there will be a tour of The Genealogy Center and assisted
research/consultation times both days. For more information, see the
brochure at
 As with all of our mini-courses, space is limited. Registration is
$50 (Please make check payable to: "ACPL Foundation").  Cancellation
after May 26, 2011 will incur a $20 administrative fee. Attendance is
limited, so register early to avoid disappointment. For more
information, call 260-421-1225 or email Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Out and About
The Genealogy Center librarians are focusing on in-house programs
mentioned above during this month.

Area Calendar of Events
Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana (ACGSI)
April 13, 2011--Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, Indiana. 6:30 p.m. refreshments, 7 p.m. program. Robert Everitt
will present, “Indiana Pioneer Research & Society.”

Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society, 302 East Berry, Ft. Wayne, IN
April 3, 2011, 2 p.m.—Margery Graham will present “Preservation of
Records at the Local Level: Using and Preserving Local Historical

Driving Directions to the Library
Wondering how to get to the library?  Our location is 900 Library
Plaza, Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the block bordered on the south by
Washington Boulevard, the west by Ewing Street, the north by Wayne
Street, and the east by the Library Plaza, formerly Webster Street.
We would enjoy having you visit the Genealogy Center.

To get directions from your exact location to 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, Indiana, visit this link at MapQuest:

>From the South
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 102.  Drive east on Jefferson Boulevard
into downtown. Turn left on Ewing Street. The Library is one block
north, at Ewing Street and Washington Boulevard.

Using US 27:
US 27 turns into Lafayette Street. Drive north into downtown. Turn
left at Washington Boulevard and go five blocks. The Library will be
on the right.

>From the North
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 112.  Drive south on Coldwater Road, which
merges into Clinton Street.  Continue south on Clinton to Washington
Boulevard. Turn right on Washington and go three blocks. The Library
will be on the right.

>From the West
Using US 30:
Drive into town on US 30.  US 30 turns into Goshen Ave. which
dead-ends at West State Blvd.  Make an angled left turn onto West
State Blvd.  Turn right on Wells Street.  Go south on Wells to Wayne
Street.  Turn left on Wayne Street.  The Library will be in the second
block on the right.

Using US 24:
After crossing under Interstate 69, follow the same directions as from
the South.

>From the East
Follow US 30/then 930 into and through New Haven, under an overpass
into downtown Fort Wayne.  You will be on Washington Blvd. when you
get into downtown.  Library Plaza will be on the right.

Parking at the Library
At the Library, underground parking can be accessed from Wayne Street.
Other library parking lots are at Washington and Webster, and Wayne
and Webster. Hourly parking is $1 per hour with a $7 maximum. ACPL
library card holders may use their cards to validate the parking
ticket at the west end of the Great Hall of the Library. Out of county
residents may purchase a subscription card with proof of
identification and residence. The current fee for an Individual
Subscription Card is $70.

Public lots are located at the corner of Ewing and Wayne Streets ($1
each for the first two half-hours, $1 per hour after, with a $4 per
day maximum) and the corner of Jefferson Boulevard and Harrison Street
($3 per day).

Street (metered) parking on Ewing and Wayne Streets. On the street you
plug the meters 8am – 5pm, weekdays only.  It is free to park on the
street after 5pm and on the weekends.

Visitor center/Grand Wayne Center garage at Washington and Clinton
Streets. This is the Hilton Hotel parking lot that also serves as a
day parking garage.  For hourly parking, 7am – 11 pm, charges are .50
for the first 45 minutes, then $1.00 per hour.  There is a flat $2.00
fee between 5pm and 11pm.

Genealogy Center Queries
The Genealogy Center hopes you find this newsletter interesting.
Thank you for subscribing.  We cannot, however, answer personal
research emails written to the e-zine address.  The department houses
a Research Center that makes photocopies and conducts research for a

If you have a general question about our collection, or are interested
in the Research Center, please telephone the library and speak to a
librarian who will be glad to answer your general questions or send
you a research center form.  Our telephone number is 260-421-1225.  If
you’d like to email a general information question about the
department, please email: Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Publishing Note:
This electronic newsletter is published by the Allen County Public
Library's Genealogy Center, and is intended to enlighten readers about
genealogical research methods as well as inform them about the vast
resources of the Allen County Public Library.  We welcome the wide
distribution of this newsletter and encourage readers to forward it to
their friends and societies.  All precautions have been made to avoid
errors.  However, the publisher does not assume any liability to any
party for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions, no matter
the cause.

To subscribe to “Genealogy Gems,” simply use your browser to go to the
website: Scroll to the bottom, click on
E-zine, and fill out the form. You will be notified with a
confirmation email.

If you do not want to receive this e-zine, please follow the link at
the very bottom of the issue of Genealogy Gems you just received or
send an email to kspears [at] with "unsubscribe e-zine" in
the subject line.

Steve Myers & Curt Witcher, co-editors
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