Genealogy Gems: News from the Fort Wayne Library, No. 101, July 31, 2012
From: Genealogy Gems (
Date: Tue, 31 Jul 2012 19:37:33 -0700 (PDT)
Genealogy Gems: News from the Fort Wayne Library
No. 101, July 31, 2012

In this issue:
*More and Better--The Best of Times
*They Called It the War Effort
*Founders and Pioneers of Albuquerque
*Technology Tip of the Month--Adobe Photoshop: More About the Amazing
Filter Gallery
*Quick-Tip of the Month for Preservation--Data Storage
*Applying DNA Studies to Family History: The Melungeon Mystery Solved
*Researching African American Family History in Alabama: Etc.
*Tree Talks: Help for Beginners
*Family History: Beyond the Basics, A Two-Day Mini-Course!
*Family History Month: October 2012--It's Closer than You Think
*Out and About
*Area Calendar of Events
*Driving Directions to the Library
*Parking at the Library
*Queries for The Genealogy Center

More and Better--The Best of Times
by Curt B. Witcher
These continue to be such exciting and wonderful times for
genealogists--I continue to maintain the best of times! So much new
information is being digitized and indexed online. Large information
aggregators in both the .com space and the .org space add millions of
new records and images each month to their online collections.
Libraries and research facilities all over the world continue to make
data available online to interested researchers. While each facility’s
contributions by themselves may seem modest, taken together, all of
those contributions add up to millions of records available for free
virtual use. How can one not be excited about the possibilities of
doing more research, and doing it better, and more efficiently?

Speaking of new and exciting, in the month of July, The Genealogy
Center added more surnames to our surname file, more obituaries to our
Fort Wayne and Allen County obituary index, a few more Adams county,
Indiana data files, four new databases for Hendricks County, Indiana,
and a data file of Indianapolis, Marion County, Indiana firefighters.
A total of more than thirty thousand searchable records were added to
our collection of free databases. If you haven’t checked your names of
interest in our databases for a while, you might want to do that. It’s
easy--simply key the name you’re searching in the federated search box
on our main webpage. It’s the top input box on the right-hand side of in the area called “Begin Your Discovery.” The
more than two million records in our free online databases will be
quickly searched for your query.

Another extremely rich source of historical and genealogical data that
is always available when researching online in our Center, and
elsewhere through subscriptions to or, is the “Periodical Source Index” or PERSI.
This tremendously underutilized index contains more than 2.5M subject
entries describing articles published in historical and genealogical
society quarterlies, newsletters, journals, and annuals found across
North America, the British Isles, and parts of Europe. When you’re at
The Genealogy Center, you can find PERSI easily on the On-site
Databases page under the HeritageQuestOnline. PERSI is the third
choice on the HeritageQuestOnline welcome page.

PERSI can also be found in the collection of databases,
though it takes a bit more work to find the data file. Scroll down to
the bottom of the main Ancestry page and click on “See all databases.”
Key “Periodical Source Index” into the keyword field and click search.
The very next screen will give you a direct link to PERSI. The
Ancestry search experience is much different than the
HeritageQuestOnline search experience, so you might want to try both.

There is so much unique material indexed in PERSI--material that you
would be hard-pressed to find in other formats. If you don’t use
PERSI, you may be missing up to one third of the leads, clues, and
other historical and genealogical data that literally could be the
answer to your research challenges--to those stubborn brick walls.
With the wide availability of the PERSI index, there’s no reason not
to give it a try. Every article referenced in PERSI is available in
the collections of The Genealogy Center. Can’t get here to make the
copies? Try our article fulfillment services at

This month saw a new display debut in The Genealogy Center, “War of
1812: A Nation Forged by War.” Our friends at Historic Fort Wayne,
Inc., the organization that runs the Old Fort--a reconstructed War of
1812 era fort here in town, secured the display from the Department of
the Navy. The six-panels begin with the “Steps to War” and the “War on
the Sea” and conclude with the peace negotiations in late 1814 and the
battles that took place after the signing of the treaty. QR codes on
each panel provide interested viewers with access to additional
information, as does the website, It’s yet
another great reason to visit The Genealogy Center and the Allen
County Public Library.

Looking for more reasons to visit? This weekend, on Saturday, August
4th, there is a terrific program on “Applying DNA Studies to Family
History: The Melungeon Mystery Solved.” If you want to know more about
DNA studies and their relationship to genealogical research, and if
you want to learn more about Melungeons, this is a program for you.
The following weekend, Saturday, August 11th, Frazine Taylor will
present an engaging genealogical workshop titled, “Researching African
American Family History in Alabama, Etc.” If you’re interested in
African American research, Alabama research, Black Belt states
research, and sound tips for researching in southern states, this day
was made for you. Visit or call The Genealogy Center for more
information about these terrific opportunities. Other program
offerings are detailed in this ezine as well.

Surely you must agree: These are the best of times!

They Called It the War Effort
by Melissa Shimkus
The early 1940s were turbulent and transitional years in our nation’s
history as the Great Depression’s lingering effects and World War II
influenced every aspect of life, from the social and educational
arenas to migration patterns. Letters, diaries and oral histories
offer personal glimpses into the life-altering events of this period.
One title available at The Genealogy Center, “They Called It the War
Effort: Oral Histories from WWII Orange, Texas” by Louis Fairchild
(976.402 OR12FLA), not only conveys the stories of those who actively
participated in World War II, but also depicts the war’s impact on
everyday life in a small town. From 1986 to the early 1990s, Fairchild
interviewed individuals who had been residents of Orange, Texas,
during the early 1940s, in order to analyze how individuals and the
community dealt with the war effort and the resulting dramatic
increase of population and industry in the region.

The Depression had left its mark on Orange, Texas, resulting in an
estimated unemployment rate of sixty percent. As the war in Europe
began, the area witnessed significant changes. In 1940, two large ship
builders and a steel plant in the region received Navy contracts for
the construction of a shipyard, destroyers, minesweepers, and barges.
Craftsmen, defense workers and others seeking employment moved their
families to Orange, creating a seven hundred percent increase in
population from 1940-1945. Others temporarily commuted to work in
Orange from surrounding communities in the Gulf region.

The stories in this volume capture effectively the personal
experiences of one community of individuals living with the stresses
of war on the home front. David Broussard described his feelings as a
10-year-old child who lost his best friend when the Japanese friend
and his family were deported. Betty Pinson related how college and
faith helped her heal when her husband of one year died in France in
1944. And Raymond Selzer shared tales of his daily commute by train
from Beaumont to the steel plant in Orange along with some 400 other
workers, his decision to move his family to the coastal town, and his
treatment as an outsider.

“They Called It the War Effort” is a significant oral history that
documents life on the home front in a Gulf Coast town, and details the
war’s effects on Orange, Texas residents. Researchers should seek out
similar volumes that effectively capture such a moment in time for the
communities in which their own families lived.

Founders and Pioneers of Albuquerque
by Delia Cothrun Bourne
Although New Mexico is a comparatively “young” state, having joined
the union in 1912, it has a rich history that stretches back to the
sixteenth century and includes European, American and Hispanic
settlers who joined the Native Americans that were already there. In
1706, Albuquerque was founded along the trade route between Mexico and
the town of Santa Fe. Some of the best early records for this area are
church records.

Donald S. Dreesen, a New Mexico researcher, used marriage records from
the Archives of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe to compile two resources
that provide information on thousands of families in early New Mexico.
His “Founders of Albuquerque: Families Living in Bernalillo County and
the Rio Abajo During the 17th and 18th Centuries” (135 microfiche),
and his “Nineteenth Century Pioneers of Albuquerque: Families Living
in Bernalillo County” (279 microfiche) are both available in The
Genealogy Center (cabinet J-9). The work on 19th century “Pioneers”
includes all Spanish, Anglo and Indian families known to have lived in
the county at least two consecutive years between 1800 and 1899. The
Introductory matter in each set contains historical maps of
Albuquerque and the Santa Fe to El Paso area, a brief description of
the collection, and brief notes on Mexican surname construction. The
alphabetically arranged entries include names of groom and bride,
dates and places of marriage, and may include parents’ names,
witnesses and children of the marriage, as well as other notes.
Cross-references for compound surnames and variant surnames are
provided. Some entries have a great deal more information than others.

A long entry is exemplified by that for Eugene Hilarian Abadie, born
1809-1819 in France. He married Laura Beall and was in Pennsylvania by
1836, when he was appointed to the U.S. Army as an assistant surgeon.
In the 1850s, the military family moved to Albuquerque, where Eugene
purchased land. After being captured by Confederates, he became a
colonel in 1865. The entry also provides birth and death dates for
Eugene and Laura, information on their children, and names the sources
of the information.

A shorter entry features Juan Baptista de Jesus Martinez born in 1763
in Albuquerque, son of Julian Martinez and Agueda Candelaria. He
married Maria Gertrudes Candelaria in 1787, and had Juan Jose in 1790.
Another short entry names Andres Lente, an Indian, who married Antonia
Luisa Montoya and had eight children from the 1750s to early 1780s.
Andres’ listing includes approximate birth dates, baptismal dates and
places, and spouses of the children. Dreesen’s compilations include
brief cross-references linking women to their spouses. One of these is
Elena Ramirez de Mendoza, who married Tome Dominques. Elena’s
information appears in Tome’s entry.

As is true for immigrants to Texas, the origins of New Mexico’s
settlers span the North American and European continents. These sets
are a wonderful source for those settlers, and a possible source of
clues for strays on your family tree.

Technology Tip of the Month--Adobe Photoshop: More About the Amazing
Filter Gallery
by Kay Spears
For more Photoshop fun, I’m going to combine two images, a photograph
of my grandmother and an image of some flowers, using the Layers
Palette, Masking Tool, and, of course, the Filter Gallery. First, I
open both images, and then change the grandmother image from
Background to Layer by right clicking on the image in the Layers
Palette. Next step is to drag the flowers image into the grandmother
image. To do that, I find it easier to go to the Layers Palette, put
my cursor over the layer I’m dragging, hold down the left click button
on my mouse, and drag and drop the flowers into my grandmother’s
image. The cursor will change from a hand with a pointed finger to a
closed fist when executing this maneuver. Now, in the grandmother
image Layers Palette, there are two layers. If you want to change the
size of the image dropped, press Ctrl+Alt+T. A box with some handles
will appear around the top image. Holding the shift key down, grab one
of these handles and pull until the image is the size desired, and
then double click. There will now be three layers on the Layers
Palette. The second layer (the original image that was dragged and
dropped) may be deleted, or turned off by clicking on the eye.

To apply some special effects to the top layer open the Filter
Gallery. A copy of the top image will be on display. Experiment by
choosing different effects, and altering the settings for each effect,
until you find one that you like. Then click OK in the Filter Gallery
dialog box. The entire top image will appear altered by whatever
effect you have chosen. Apply as many of these effects as you want.
Have fun with this tool!

Next, use the Masking tool on the top image. If you don’t have a
Masking tool, you may erase, or refer to the May 31, 2012 Genealogy
Gems article on creating a mask. Now, click on the mask, then the
brush tool. Make sure the Color palette for the Brush tool is black.
Set the opaque setting low and start to move your brush over the area
in which you want the bottom layer to show through. Keep doing this
until you get the desired effect.

You may use any image for this effect; it doesn't have to be flowers.
You also can use this method to produce a collage of family photos.
You can alter one layer or all the layers using the Filter Gallery.
Experiment, and have fun with this technique. The results will amaze

Next in Adobe Photoshop: Reducing paper texture, print patterns and
Moiré pattern.

Quick-Tip of the Month for Preservation--Data Storage
by Curt B. Witcher
Electronic storage of historical and genealogical data is far too
infrequently thought of when considering preserving and making our
research available for future generations of descendants and
interested others. It is worthwhile to review some of the basics—think
**S**--Saving one’s genealogical work should be as important as doing
the research and finding the evidence.
**T**--Terabytes of data are available as portable storage at very
reasonable costs, costs that are dropping every month. (Code for no
excuse for not backing-up.)
**O**--Other than right by your desk-top, and other than with all your
other back-ups, is the proper place to store multiple copies of your
data files. (And yes, you should have multiple copies/back-ups of your
data files!)
**R**--Regular back-up are a must. Dick Eastman suggests the first of
every month. I suggest that’s a baseline.
**A**--Ascend to the cloud. It’s about time for nearly everyone to
take a serious look at cloud-based storage systems. There are many:
Mozy, Carbonite, Dropbox, Google Docs, etc. The price continues to
drop. The time is now. This interesting online piece may get you
**G**--Geek out, don’t freak out! Technology continues to change, even
storage technology. Don’t let it scare you or paralyze you; rather,
embrace the change and discover what works best for you.
**E**--Exchange old storage media for new storage media, even if the
format has not changed. Some are shocked when a USB flash drive that
has been regularly used for several years suddenly fails. (Did I miss
the “magic memo” that declared USB flash drives immune from failure?!)
If it’s worth doing, it’s worth doing right; and if it’s worth doing
right, it’s worth saving and backing up properly.

Applying DNA Studies to Family History: The Melungeon Mystery Solved
On Saturday, August 4, 2012, The Allen County Public Library and The
Genealogy Center will present "Applying DNA Studies to Family History:
The Melungeon Mystery Solved," a free all-day seminar, presented by
Roberta Estes, a pioneer in the field of using DNA for genealogical
research, Jack Goins, archivist and author, and Wayne Winkler,
past-president of the Melungeon Historical Society. Sessions start at
9:15 AM in the Theater of the Main Library and will include “DNA and
Genealogy - An Introduction;” “The Melungeons: Sons and Daughters of
the Legend;” “Examining Our Melungeon Neighborhood and Migrations;”
“Melungeons: A Multi-Ethnic Population;” and a question and answer
session on Melungeons and DNA applications in the genealogy field. For
more information, see
To register for this free event, send us an email at
Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info or call 260-421-1225.

Researching African American Family History in Alabama: Etc.
The African American Genealogical Society Fort Wayne will present
“Researching African American Family History in Alabama: Etc.,” an
all-day seminar on Saturday August 11, 2012, in the Theater of the
Main Library. Featuring Frazine Taylor, archivist, researcher, author
and genealogist, the seminar starts at 9:00 AM with "Historical Notes
on Alabama," followed by "Resources at the Alabama Department of
Archives," where Ms. Taylor was Head Archivist, and "Alabama Resources
on" After lunch on your own, the seminar will continue
with "Alabama Military Records on," "Future Alabama
Records on," and "Et Cetera," a class discussing other
sources for research in Alabama. Ms. Taylor is an extremely
knowledgeable archivist, as well as an accomplished speaker and
researcher. This presentation would be worthwhile for anyone doing
Alabama research or African American research anywhere in the southern

Cost for the seminar is $25 ($20 for AAGSFW members). For more
information, see
To register and obtain more details, call 260-247-0789, or email
aagsfw [at]

Tree Talks: Help for Beginners
The Genealogy Center's summer series, Tree Talks, concludes on
Saturday, August 25, 2012 with "Beginner's Guide to Vital Records."
Vital records are thought of as the Holy Grail of genealogical
records--legal documents that record a date of birth and parents,
marriage date and place, or evidence of a death, perhaps providing
names of parents or cause of death. Birth and death records, though,
were not commonly recorded until the 20th Century, and even then their
availability depends on the locale and culture. This class will
explain what can be found in a vital record, and what other sources
may be used when the official record is missing. This Tree Talks class
is from 10:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. in Meeting Room A. For more
information, see the brochure at
Please register for this free class by calling 260-421-1225 or send an
email to Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Family History: Beyond the Basics, A Two-Day Mini-Course!
Margery Graham and Steve Myers are presenting a “Family History:
Beyond the Basics” mini-course on Friday and Saturday, September 7 &
8, 2012. This workshop is an excellent way for beginners and
intermediate researchers to build on what they know or to review
important concepts and sources. Attendees are free to bypass any
individual session to take advantage of additional research and
consultation time. Marge and Steve say you'll learn lots and have fun,
too! Classes include Problem Solving: Breaking through Brick Walls in
Your Research; Probate Records; Land Records and Tax Lists; Military
Records; Church Records; Tracing Your Ancestors Across the Atlantic;
and a tour of The Genealogy Center. Program and registration details
are included in the brochure at
Attendance is limited, so registering early is highly recommended to
avoid disappointment.

Family History Month: October 2012--It's Closer than You Think
Family History Month--2012 is guaranteed to have something for just
about every genealogical interest, something every day to expand your
genealogical knowledge. The month will highlight cemetery research and
tombstone symbolism, state and regional research, census records,
assistance with your brick walls, and technology use for genealogical
research. This year, our traditional Midnight Madness returns on
Friday, October 26, offering the opportunity to do family history
research until midnight that night. For detailed class descriptions,
more information, and to register for individual sessions, see the
brochure at

Out and About
Curt Witcher
August 29, 2012, Federation of Genealogical Societies 2012 Annual
Meeting, Birmingham-Jefferson Convention Complex, Birmingham, AL, 2-3
p.m., “The Dollars and Cents of Fundraising.”
August 31, 2012, Federation of Genealogical Societies 2012 Annual
Meeting, Birmingham-Jefferson Convention Complex, Birmingham, AL,
3:30-4:30 p.m., “And the Rockets’ Red Glare: Online Resources for War
of 1812 Research.”
September 1, 2012, Federation of Genealogical Societies 2012 Annual
Meeting, Birmingham-Jefferson Convention Complex, Birmingham, AL, 5-6
p.m., “Mining the Motherlode: Using Periodical Literature in
Genealogical Research.”

Area Calendar of Events
Allen County Genealogical Society of Indiana (ACGSI)
No meeting until September 2012.
September 12, 2012--Allen County Public Library, 900 Library Plaza,
Fort Wayne, Indiana. 6:30 p.m. refreshments, followed at 7 p.m. by
Curt Witcher’s presentation: “All that Other Stuff: Other Census
Records Beyond the Population Schedules.”

Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society/The History Center, 302
East Berry, Ft. Wayne, IN
August 5, 2012, 2 p.m., William Heath will speak about and autograph
his novel about William Wells,
“Blacksnake’s Path: The True Adventures of William Wells.”
George R. Mather Sunday Lecture Series resumes in October.

Driving Directions to the Library
Wondering how to get to the library?  Our location is 900 Library
Plaza, Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the block bordered on the south by
Washington Boulevard, the west by Ewing Street, the north by Wayne
Street, and the east by the Library Plaza, formerly Webster Street.
We would enjoy having you visit the Genealogy Center.

To get directions from your exact location to 900 Library Plaza, Fort
Wayne, Indiana, visit this link at MapQuest:

>From the South
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 102.  Drive east on Jefferson Boulevard
into downtown. Turn left on Ewing Street. The Library is one block
north, at Ewing Street and Washington Boulevard.

Using US 27:
US 27 turns into Lafayette Street. Drive north into downtown. Turn
left at Washington Boulevard and go five blocks. The Library will be
on the right.

>From the North
Exit Interstate 69 at exit 112.  Drive south on Coldwater Road, which
merges into Clinton Street.  Continue south on Clinton to Washington
Boulevard. Turn right on Washington and go three blocks. The Library
will be on the right.

>From the West
Using US 30:
Drive into town on US 30.  US 30 turns into Goshen Ave. which
dead-ends at West State Blvd.  Make an angled left turn onto West
State Blvd.  Turn right on Wells Street.  Go south on Wells to Wayne
Street.  Turn left on Wayne Street.  The Library will be in the second
block on the right.

Using US 24:
After crossing under Interstate 69, follow the same directions as from
the South.

>From the East
Follow US 30/then 930 into and through New Haven, under an overpass
into downtown Fort Wayne.  You will be on Washington Blvd. when you
get into downtown.  Library Plaza will be on the right.

Parking at the Library
At the Library, underground parking can be accessed from Wayne Street.
Other library parking lots are at Washington and Webster, and Wayne
and Webster. Hourly parking is $1 per hour with a $7 maximum. ACPL
library card holders may use their cards to validate the parking
ticket at the west end of the Great Hall of the Library. Out of county
residents may purchase a subscription card with proof of
identification and residence. The current fee for an Individual
Subscription Card is $70.

Public lots are located at the corner of Ewing and Wayne Streets ($1
each for the first two half-hours, $1 per hour after, with a $4 per
day maximum) and the corner of Jefferson Boulevard and Harrison Street
($3 per day).

Street (metered) parking on Ewing and Wayne Streets. On the street you
plug the meters 8am – 5pm, weekdays only.  It is free to park on the
street after 5pm and on the weekends.

Visitor center/Grand Wayne Center garage at Washington and Clinton
Streets. This is the Hilton Hotel parking lot that also serves as a
day parking garage.  For hourly parking, 7am – 11 pm, charges are .50
for the first 45 minutes, then $1.00 per hour.  There is a flat $2.00
fee between 5pm and 11pm.

Genealogy Center Queries
The Genealogy Center hopes you find this newsletter interesting.
Thank you for subscribing.  We cannot, however, answer personal
research emails written to the e-zine address.  The department houses
a Research Center that makes photocopies and conducts research for a

If you have a general question about our collection, or are interested
in the Research Center, please telephone the library and speak to a
librarian who will be glad to answer your general questions or send
you a research center form.  Our telephone number is 260-421-1225.  If
you’d like to email a general information question about the
department, please email: Genealogy [at] ACPL.Info.

Publishing Note:
This electronic newsletter is published by the Allen County Public
Library's Genealogy Center, and is intended to enlighten readers about
genealogical research methods as well as inform them about the vast
resources of the Allen County Public Library.  We welcome the wide
distribution of this newsletter and encourage readers to forward it to
their friends and societies.  All precautions have been made to avoid
errors.  However, the publisher does not assume any liability to any
party for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions, no matter
the cause.

To subscribe to “Genealogy Gems,” simply use your browser to go to the
website: Scroll to the bottom, click on
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If you do not want to receive this e-zine, please follow the link at
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Steve Myers & Curt Witcher, co-editors
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